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Aims of Sentencing
The aims of sentencing are concerned with the reason,
or objective of the judge (or politician) for handing
down a particular sentence, i.e. what do they hope to
achieve by giving a prison sentence.
The preferred choice of sentence and the aim of that
sentence come in and out of favour, often depending
on who the current Government is, pressure from the
media and events in society itself. The aims of
sentencing consider the wider situation and take into
consideration the victim, the offender and society as a
whole.…read more

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Aims of Sentencing
The Criminal Justice Act 2003 sets out the aims
of sentencing for adult offenders and the court
should have regard to;
punishment of the offenders
reduction of crime through deterrence
reform and rehabilitation of offenders
the protection of the public
the making of reparation by offenders to the
victims of their crimes…read more

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Retribution (Punishment)
This is society's revenge for the offence
committed. The sentence should fit the crime
and there should be an element of blame on the
part of the offender. This means that a mentally
ill person, for example, would not be punished, i.
e. should not be subject to retribution.…read more

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Deterrence
There are two types of deterrent;
Individual Deterrence
General Deterrence
Individual Deterrence - is aimed at the particular
offender. The aim is to deter that particular person from
offending again. Often a suspended sentence is used to
deter the individual concerned.
General Deterrence - is aimed at discouraging others from
committing that type of offence, i.e. society as a whole.…read more

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Deterrence
Deterrence (individual & general) is based on the
assumption that potential future offenders will consider
the consequences of their actions. Deterrence is not
concerned so much with fairness as a harsher sentence
in one case is thought to deter others from doing the
same type of crime in the future. One problem with
the theory of deterrence is that many crimes are
committed in the heat of the moment so deterrence
would be of minimal effect on the offender.…read more

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