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Slide 1

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Schumann: Kinderscenen, Op. 15:
Numbers 1, 3 and 11
Revision summary notes from Edexcel
resources on tonality, rhythm and metre,
performing forces and their handling,
features of the period, texture, harmony,
structure and melody…read more

Slide 2

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Introduction
· Written when Schumann was 28
· One of his imaginatively titled, unusually
constructed sets of piano miniatures
· Children's Scenes is the translation of
Kinderscenen
· Schumann's music typifies the love of Romantic
poetry at the time; the last piece in Kinderscenen
is `The Poet Speaks'
· Not written for children, for adults looking back
on childhood…read more

Slide 3

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Tonality
1: Von fremden Ländern und Menschen
· G major, modulation to E minor (bar 12). Resolution to the
tonic is avoided, which is unusual
3: Haschemann
· B minor, modulation to G major (bar 9)
· Lengthy dominant preparation (bars 15-16) which should
end on the dominant, but return to B minor
11: Fürchtenmachen
· E minor suggested by the I ­ Vb progression at the start
· G major established by bar 4
· Modulation to E minor (bar 10)
· Modulation to C major (bar 12)
· Briefly A minor (bar 22) and B minor (bar 24)…read more

Slide 4

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Rhythm and Metre
1.
· Triplets in inner accompaniment (between L and R hand)
· Melody uses dotted rhythms
3.
· Much use of semiquavers
· Same 2 bar rhythmic pattern throughout melody, apart
from sustained notes (bars 13-16)
11.
· Dotted rhythms in A section
· Elsewhere, semiquavers either used in pairs (section B) or
groups of 4 (section C)
· Offbeat rhythms feature (on every second semiquaver in B)
(on every second quaver in first half of C)…read more

Slide 5

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Performing Forces and their Handling
1.
· Two hands producing 3 identifiable layers
· Use of the sustaining pedal on the piano (don't call it the
loud pedal!)
3.
· Accompaniment leaps between bass notes and chords,
almost like a ragtime "stride bass"
· (bars 15-16) Sustained chords with an ascending chromatic
scale within parts
11.
· (bar 9 onwards) Melody in bass/LH and offbeat
semiquavers in the RH accompaniment
· Begins piece with both hands close together in treble clef…read more

Slide 6

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Features of the Romantic Period
(In this piece)
· Short pieces for solo piano
· Use of sustaining pedal is important
throughout
· Some chromaticism
· Dramatic dynamics (sfp in bar 3, and other
dynamics in bars 11, 17 and 19)
· Ritardandos and more flexible tempo than in
Classical period…read more

Slide 7

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Slide 8

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Slide 9

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