A Level Music: Kinderscenen by Schumann: No 3

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  • Kinderscenen: No 3: Catch Me If You Can by Schumann
    • Structure
      • Rounded binary form (A: BA)
        • Conventional  notated repeat of opening 4 bars
    • Tonality
      • B Minor
        • Home key is regained after modulations by chords V7 and I of B minor
      • Modulation to G Major: bars 9-10
      • Modulation to unrelated key of C Major: bars 9-12 (hints Romanticism)
        • Alternating C and G7 chords above double pedal on C and G
    • Harmony
      • Interrupted cadences: avoid establishing tonality: in G maj: bars 10-11 and E min: bars 12-13
      • Music gets stuck on C chord: like disorientated blindfolded child
      • Plagal progression (I-IV-I): first harmonic movement in number
      • Perfect cadences: bar 20
      • Appoggiaturas: bar 2
      • 7th chords, mainly dominant 7ths
      • Prolonged 'Neapolitan' chord in root position: bars 13-15
        • 18th C progression reinterpreted in romantic context: Neopolitan flat supertonic, C major, approached via an interrupted cadence in E minor: bars 12-13
    • Metre
      • 2/4
    • Rhythm
      • Continuous semiquavers throughout
        • Semiquaver arpeggio figures: keep momentum going
      • Scurrying semiquavers: echoes 'catch me if you can' theme
      • Each 2 bar phrase of melody starts with crotchet
      • Broad rhythm of 'sforzandi' runs through piece every 2 bars: interrupted in bars 13-16
    • Melody
      • Sequence
        • First 2 bars repeated in sequence, creating a 4-bar phrase which is repeated: bars 5-8
      • Prominent flattened leading note, A natural, comes from use of descending melodic minor scale
      • Rising sequence: bars 1-4
        • Balanced by falling sequence: bars 9-12
          • This carries music to C major (unrelated key)
      • Almost entirely conjunct, with leaps on accented notes: appoggiaturas: bar 2 and sforzano dominant 7th: bar 15
      • Thematic use of figure of 4 conjunct semiquavers, ascending or descending: appears as a sequence in bar 2
    • Textures
      • Melody dominated homophony
      • Difficult leaping accompaniment for LH to suggest jerky movement of blindfolded child
      • 3 part texture: most active part is the top, bass line firmly on main beat and accompaniment on off-beat chords
        • Bass and accompaniment both play active LH: stride manner
          • Exception: open 5th double pedal: bars 13-15 and sustained chords with an inner ascending scale: bars 15-16


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