Revision Cards On Education & Research Methods

Just number them in pairs, then cut them out...

great way of revision, all the key terms and sociologists you need to know for this specification(AQA) Good luck revising 

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  • Created by: Lexy
  • Created on: 07-05-12 14:52
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This theory suggests that working parents fail to transmit the appropriate
Cultural Deprivation Theory norms, values, and attitudes that are the `Correct' culture ­ needed for
educational success.
Culture This refers to all the norms, values, beliefs, knowledge that a society or a
group regards as important. This is transmitted through generations.
Basil BERSTEIN This Sociologist distinguishes between two Speech Codes
Elaborated Code This code is used by the Middle Class. Its more analytic, uses a wide use of
vocabulary and complex sentences.
Restricted Code This code is used by Working Class. It's less analytic and more descriptive,
with limited vocabulary and simple sentences.
Immediate Gratification Wanting rewards immediately rather than waiting, and making sacrifices to
work hard for future rewards. Practised by the Working Class
Deffered Gratification Postponing rewards until later on in life, and making sacrifices to work hard in
present time. Then reap the rewards later on in life ­ Practised by the middle
Fatalism This is the belief that `Whatever will be, will be' WC children do not believe
they can improve their position within education through their individual
efforts as its fate.

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Collectivism This is the value of being a part of a group mroe than succeding as an
Present Time Orientation This is seeing the present as more important than the furture and as a result
fail to believe in long term goals or plans.
Barry SUGARMAN This Sociologist argues the working Class Subculture has four key features
that acts as a barrier educational success.…read more

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Cultural Capital The attitudes,Values,Skills,Knowledge of the MiddleClass
Educational Capital MC use their greater econominc/cultural capital to give their children an
advantage in gaining this "......." ­ qualifications. Thus this reproduces
advantage of MC passing it from generation to generation
BECKER This Sociologist argues that teachers lable the MC pupils as the `ideal pupil'
and prefer to teach them rather than the WC.
Labelling This is an internal process within schools wherby we attach meanings to pupils
to make sense of them.…read more

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This is normally formed by those of less educational attainment. They reject
Anti-school subculture school's values and often invert rules. They have slim to none respect for
authority (teachers) and avoid work, truant.…read more

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These Sociologists claim that language of poorer Black American families' is
BEREITER & ENGELMAN ungrammatical and disjoint. As a result, their children are unable to express
abstract ideas ­ which become a barrier to educational success.
This Sociologist argues the high rate of lone parenthood amongst African ­
MURRAY Caribbean families and a lack of a positive male role models leads to the
underachievement of Ethnic Minorities.…read more

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This Sociologist argues that the Asian family is an obstacle to achievement,
KHAN especially for Girls, because it takes a controlling attitude towards them. As
a result they do less well than boys.
This Sociologist argues that the street culture in white working class areas
EVANS can be brutal and is brought into schools. The result is a strong pressure for
them to reject education.
This is an Educational Policy that aims to counter the effects of Cultural
Compensatory Education deprivation.…read more

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These Sociologists found that teachers had `racialised expectations' about
GILLBORN & YOUDELL black pupils and expected more discipline problems and saw their behaviour
as threatening. The conflict between the pupils and teachers stems from the
racist stereotypes and causes the underachievement of those pupils.
This Sociologist found that Asian primary school pupils were stereotyped by
WRIGHT their teachers and treated differently. As a result the Asian pupils, especially
girls, were marginalised and prevented from participating fully, affecting
their esteem, and ultimately their educational success.…read more

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This Sociologist compared two studies of working class girls (1970s-90s)
SHARPE 70s ­ Girls priorities were `Love, Marriage, Husbands, Children, Job' they
saw their future in terms of a domestic nature ­ not paid work
90s- Girls now had high aspirations to go into high career positions and so
understood the importance of qualifications ­ education.
This act was introduced in the 70's which has helped influence (improve)
1970 Equal Pay Act women's position of work. This is an external factor.…read more

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This Sociologist argues that boys fall behind because education is feminised.
SEWELL Schools no longer nurture the `masculine' traits. I.e. Coursework
This Sociologist found that boys were more concerned that girls about being
FRANCIS labelled by peers as `swots', because this threatens their masculine identity.
WC culture sees non manual work (including school work) as effeminate and
inferior.…read more



really good thanks a !!

:D this is really helpful

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