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Socialisation and Culture!

Page 1 ­ Definitions

Page 2 ­ Types of Culture

Page 3 ­ Process of Socialisation

Page 4 ­ 10 - Agents of Socialisation (Family, Media,
Peers, Work Place, Religion and Education).

Page 11 ­ 28 Role of socialisation (Family, Media
etc.) in the creation of…

Page 2

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First Exam ­ 27th May ­ Socialisation/Culture etc.

Culture ­ The culture of a society is the way of life of its members,
the collection of ideas and habits which they share and transmit
from generation to generation.

Norms ­ Social expectations or rules about how people should or…

Page 3

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Types of Culture
High Culture ­ Linked with the elite or upper class in society, and
is associated with the arts (Ballet, Opera)

Popular Culture ­ Associated with shallow activities enjoyed and
accessed by the masses (Soap operas, Football, Mcd's)

Consumer Culture ­ Related to the way in which we…

Page 4

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Process of Socialisation
Nature/Nurture ­ Nature is associated with those who would argue
that behaviour is determined by innate or inherited factors.
Nurture side argue that all behaviour is determined by experience ­
Baby's mind at birth is a blank slate, on which experience writes.
Nature argues they're born with…

Page 5

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Agents of Socialisation
The Family ­ is seen as an important building block of
society. We may learn formal skills; Driving, cooking,
gardening etc. And informal skills; manners, obedience,
respect etc.

How family socialises us regarding:
o Gender Roles: likely to impact a child's socialisation. E.g.
Father goes to work…

Page 6

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Peer Groups ­ One of the most important, especially in
teenage years. It is a group where members share a similar
status in society. Often similar age. Share similar social
situation; students, pupils. Conform to peer group norms in
order to be part of that peer group. Vital role in…

Page 7

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Education: Compulsory education for 5-16yr olds. School
is one of main agents in secondary socialisation. Takes place
without immediate family/carers. Learn formal skills
(reading, writing) and informal (working with others).

How Education socialises us regarding:
o Gender: Children enter education system with an acquired
sense of gender. Informal and formal…

Page 8

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Workplace: Helps us learn many things or skills. Learn to
take responsibility and behave like an adult. Gives us a role
in society. Becomes part of our identity.

How Work socialises us regarding:
o Gender: Women become more economically active-financially
independent. Less jobs for men in steel industries. A person's…

Page 9

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How the Media socialises us regarding:
o Gender: Stereotypes such as super heroes and sexy
females are found within popular culture. Exposure to
media from an early age helps to reinforce what has
already been learned in the family, and constructs, for
many people, a deeper, internalised layer of gendered…

Page 10

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Religion: Includes beliefs, rituals, practices and everyday
rules. Christianity is dominant religion in UK. Some say religion
`keeps society together'.

How religion socialises us regarding:
o Gender: As contemporary UK has become increasingly
secular, role of religions, in the process of constructing
gender identities has declined. Religion can affect males…


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