Religious Studies revision over topics

Religious Studies A unit 2. AQA. Notes on topics - A* level

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  • Created on: 23-04-11 14:10
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The Good Samaritan
Behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested him, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to
inherit eternal life?" He said to him, "What is written in the law? How do you read it?" He
answered, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all
your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself" He said to him,
"You have answered correctly. Do this and you will live." But he, desiring to justify
himself, asked Jesus, "Who is my neighbor?"
Jesus answered, "A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell
among robbers, who both stripped him and beat him, and departed, leaving him half
dead. By chance a priest was going down that way. When he saw him, he passed by on
the other side. In the same way a Levite also, when he came to the place, and saw him,
passed by on the other side. But a Samaritan, came where he was. When he saw him, he
was moved with compassion, he bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. He set
him on his own animal, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. On the next day,
when he departed, he took out two silver coins, and gave them to the inn-keeper, and
said to him, 'Take care of him. Whatever you spend beyond that, I will repay you when I
return.' Now which of these three do you think seemed to be a neighbor to him who fell
among the robbers?"
He said, "He who showed mercy on him." Then Jesus said to him, "Go and do likewise."
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parable_of_the_Good_Samaritan
Jesus told the story of the Good Samaritan (above) and then asked "Now which of these
three do you think seemed to be a neighbor to him who fell among the robbers?" He told
the story and asked the question as the lawyer did not understand who his neighbor was; he
soon discovered his neighbor was a people in general, friends or enemy.
Agape
Agape: Christian unconditional love for other people (friends and family)
A.
Unconditional love: You love someone no matter who they are, or what they have
done. For example you will always love your friends and family unconditionally.
B.
Situation Ethics: Developed in the 1960's by priest Joseph Fletcher. It simply states
moral principle can be set aside in some situations and Agape is best. Paul Tillich once
put it as "love is the ultimate law." Fletcher thought by forming an ethical system
based on love he was expressing the notion of "love thy Neighbour" which Jesus
taught.
C.

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Quotations to remember under topic of Agape...
1 John 4:7... "Let us love one another, for love comes from God."
1 Corinthians 13:6... "Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth."
Racism
Desmond tutu:
From Anglican Church in South Africa
He has campaigned to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, homophobia, transphobia,
poverty and racism.
Received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, the Albert Schweitzer Prize for
Humanitarianism in 1986, the Gandhi Peace Prize in 2005, and the Presidential
Medal of Freedom in 2009.…read more

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After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to
climb."
Sexism and disability discrimination
For women priests Against women priests
Everyone was created in the image Jesus made no distinction between
of God, therefore should be treated women and men,
equally.
"There is neither Jew nor Greek, The original 12 disciples of Jesus
slave nor free, there is no male and were all male.…read more

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Wine was used to represent blood of Jesus. He Alcohol controls your mind and therefore
changed water into wine. becomes sinful.
In the 1960's and 70's, two Christian couples ­ Doug and Barbara Henry and Bill and Joanie
Yoder ­ met some young people who were addicted to drugs, and felt they had to do
something to help them. These families took people in and helped them recover from their
addictions.…read more

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What are the aims of punishment? Do prison and capital punishment fulfil these
aims?
Retribution: This means revenge for what has been done against the laws of society or the
individuals.
Deterrence: as a warning to others to try to discourage them from committing the same
crime.
Reformation: Crime prevention, rehabilitation, education, substance abuse treatment and
reintegration programmes are essential to make punishment effective by changing
behaviours.…read more

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Make sure weapons are used proportionately
e. Make sure the decision was made by the legitimate authority
f. Try to check that the ultimate goal is the restoration of peace
1) Explain what is meant by total war or nuclear holocaust, nuclear war, nuclear
proliferation, and deterrence.
a. Nuclear holocaust is where the human population is nearly wiped out due to
the use of Nuclear weapons.
b. Nuclear war is a war in which the participants use nuclear weapons.
c.…read more

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Celibacy: Seen as good as you can be more dedicated to God than a partner.
Virginity: Best to remain pure, much like Virgin Mary.
Adultery: Wrong to commit adultery, sinful.
Artificial contraception: Anything that acts as a barrier to new life is a sin.
For homosexuality Against homosexuality
Some people believe it is not a sin, but that "do not lie with a man as one lies with a
sex is for married men and women.…read more

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When the brainwaves start functioning? 6 Weeks
When the foetus is `viable' to survive outside the womb? 24 Weeks
When the foetus becomes sentient (aware)? 34 Weeks
2) Does the foetus gradually become more human and of greater value?
In my opinion no, as we are all one is Christ. And children should be a gift from God from the
moment of Conception.
b.…read more

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I was growing there in secret, you knew that I was there ­ you
saw me before I was born. The days allotted to me had all been recorded in your book,
before any of them ever began. Psalm 139:13-16. Christians believe that human life is
sacred - it is more special than other kinds of life. Other animals do not have souls, and
are not made in the image of God, although they deserve to be treated with kindness
and respect.…read more

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Christians should respect decisions of people who decide they would like to end
their life.…read more

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