Religion and Society: Peace and Conflict

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  • Created on: 12-01-13 15:22
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Religion: Peace and conflict
The United Nations and world peace
United Nations formed in 1945 after the end of the Second World War.
Aim of the UN was to preserve world peace and remove the causes of conflict by
encouraging economic, social, educational and cultural progress throughout the world
Why the UN is important for world peace
The UN can recommend action to stop any threats to world peace by:
Banning trade, cultural links and communication on countries threatening world peace
Authorising the use of force by member states to stop an aggressor
Sending a UN peacekeeping force to:
Prevent the outbreak of conflict or the spill over of conflict across borders
Stabilise conflict situations after a ceasefire and create an environment for the
parties to reach a lasting peace agreement
Assist in putting peace agreements into practice
Lead states or territories to stable government based on democratic principles and
economic development, after they have been in conflict
The UN also tries to keep world peace by running the ICC in the Hague which ensures that
international laws are upheld and prosecutes anyone committing war crimes
One example of the UN's work for peace ­ Kosovo
Kosovo became part of the new state of Yugoslavia after the First World War.
80% of its inhabitants were ethnic Albanians, compared to 20% ethnic Serbs
Why the UN became involved in Kosovo
Kosovo became part of Serbia
Serbian leader stripped Kosovo of its autonomy in 1989
Kosovans began a passive resistance movement in 1990s but it failed to secure
In mid 1990s an ethnic Albanian guerrilla movement started, the Kosovo Liberation Army
began to attack Serb targets
The Serbian army was sent into Kosovo and began a campaign of ethic clensing against
Kosovo Albanians.
NATO began a bombing campaign and Serbian forces were driven out in the summer of 1999
How the UN dealt with the situation
UN sent a peacekeeping force to keep the Serbian army out of Kosovo and the Kosovar
militias out of the Serb parts of Kosovo
How religious organisations try to promote world peace

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All religions believe in world peace, but still religious people fight in wars. However, there are
groups in all religions which are anti-war and work for world peace.
How religious organisations work for world peace
Religious organisations do this by:
Organising pubic debates on the horrors of wars and conflict. More people will then learn
about the horrors therefore are more likely to vote for peace
Making statements and organising protests about war.…read more

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Ideological and political differences
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo two different political groups are fighting each
other for power
The Korean War began in 1949 when communist North Korea invaded South Korea with the
aim of uniting the country under communism
The nature and importance of the theory of just war
War is just if:
The cause of the war is just
It is being fought by the authority of the UN
It is being fought with the intention of restoring peace
It…read more

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Jesus never condemned the soldiers he met and actually commended the faith of Roman
The police force is needed to protect innocent people from criminals in the same way an
army to fight just wars is needed to protect innocent countries from criminal ones
Islam and attitudes to war
The greater jihad is the struggle to make yourself and your society perfectly Muslim. This
involves struggling with yourself and your desires, and not fighting.…read more

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Muhammad said in his final sermon `Every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim' No one should
bully their brother and so Muslims should not bully anyone
Religious conflicts within families
Children no longer waning to take part in their parents' religion
Religions tell parents that it is their duty to bring their children up in the faith and ensure they
become full members of it as adults
This leads to their parents being regarded as failures by other believers
Parent will worry that their…read more

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Humanity had become split from God through sin but the forgiveness of sins brought by the
death of God's son.
Jesus has allowed reconciliation between God and humans by dying on the cross
Jesus said that if people do not forgive those who have sinned against them, God will not
forgive their sins
St Paul said that Christians should try to live in peace with everyone.…read more

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World Peace The ending of war throughout the whole world.…read more


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