Peace and Conflict

Peace and Conflict

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LEARN THE KEY WORDS & DEFINITIONS!
d Definition
lution Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful
conclusion
ed An international body set up to promote world
peace and co-operation
ce The ending of war throughout the whole world
(the basic aim of the United Nations)
on Attacking without being provoked
on Taking advantage of a weaker group
r A war that is fought for the right reasons and in
the right way
m The belief that all disputes should be settled by
peaceful means
mass Weapons which can destroy large areas and
on numbers of people
Intimidating/frightening people weaker than
yourself
Treating a person or their feelings with
consideration
ss Stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning
them for what they have done wrong
tion Bringing people together who were opposed to
each other
The United Nations & World Peace
The UN was formed in 1945 after the end of WW2
The aim was to preserve world peace and remove causes of conflict
All countries of the world can apply to be members of the UN and
vote in the General Assembly which meets once a year to debate
issues and supervise the UN's work
UN is made up of soldiers, administrators and police officers from a
number of countries
The forces wear blue helmets with a UN sign on the front,
identifying them as peace keepers
Why the UN is important for world peace:

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Page 2

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Through the Security Council, the UN can recommend action to stop any
threats to world peace by:
imposing sanctions (e.g.…read more

Page 3

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UN administrators worked with Kosovar politicians to establish political
parties and institutions such as an education system
In 2008 Kosovo was declared and independent democratic state
How religious orgnaisations try to promote world peace
All religions believe in world peace, BUT still religious people fight in wars.…read more

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Nationalism & ethnicity
Separation of ethnic groups ­ believing each different ethnic group should
have its own country because of cultural difference. This can lead to civil
wars (where people in the same country fight each other) E.g. Ethnic
Albanians in Kosovo
Removal of a minority ethnic group from a country so the nation is only one
ethnic group - E.g.…read more

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There are 2 main attitudes:
Pacifism ­ refusal to fight in wars because;
Modern warfare kills so any innocent people that it can
never be justified
Turn the other cheek
Do not kill
Jesus told Peter to put away his sword
Just War ­ a war that can be fought put forward by St Thomas Aquinas
Just cause ­removing a great injustice
Fought to restore peace
Last resort
Avoid killing innocent civilians
Christians would fight in just wars because:
It's the teaching of the main…read more

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Duty to protect the weak ­ Good Samaritan + Sheep and Goats
They also accept non religious attitudes to bullying;
It is against the law ­schools have anti bullying policy, anti social
behaviour order
Human rights
Harmful effect on society ­ prevents people fulfilling potential
Society depends on law and order this is threatened by bullies
Christian teachings on forgiveness & reconciliation
Christianity based on forgiveness ­ Humans disobeyed God Jesus was
born to mend the broken relationship ­ he died to remove all the…read more

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Do you think schools treat bullies too softly?
Give two reasons for your point of view. (4)
(c) Choose one religion other than Christianity and explain why forgiveness is
important for the followers of that religion. (8)
(d) "If people were more religious, there would be no wars."
In your answer you should refer to at least one religion.
(i) Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion. (3)
(ii) Give reasons why some people may disagree with you.…read more

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