REASONS FOR SINO-SOVIET SPLIT - IDEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES

  • Created by: EllaRoseQ
  • Created on: 05-05-16 12:26

REASONS FOR SINO-SOVIET SPLIT

Causes

  • IDEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES

Effects

  • Sinification of Marxism-Leninism differed from 'true communism' (according to Stalin) - mistrust
  • Khrushchev's Secret Speech 1956, De-Stalinisation and Peaceful Coexistence - Mao favoured revolution and accused Khrushchev of being revisionist
  • Mao blamed revisionism for Hungarian Uprising 1956
  • Great Leap Forward 1058-60 - Soviet criticisms and withdrawal of advisers
  • Brezhnev Doctrine and invasion of Czechoslovakia 1968 - Mao feared Soviet invasion of China - led to active defense and preparations for nuclear war

Overall summary

Ideological differences played an important role in the Sino-Soviet split because they remained even through changes of leadership and before the 1950 treaty. Key turning points in Sino-Soviet relations, including 1956 Secret Speech and 1958 Great Leap Forward mostly caused by ideological differences. They were fundamental differences that made effective, long term cooperation impossible. 

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