Questions for ICT Computer Systems

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Computer System Components - 42 Questions
1 Give a definition of hardware.
Hardware refers to a physical piece of a computer.
2 Give three examples of hardware.
Monitor
Memory Chip
CPU
3 Give a definition of software.
Computer instructions or data. (Anything that can be stored electronically)
4 Give three examples of types of software.
Word Processors
Spread Sheets
Database Management Systems
5 Give three examples of software products you have used. What type of software are they?
Microsoft word
Excel
Outlook
6 Explain the difference between Hardware and Software
Hardware is what makes up a computer (the components of it) whereas software is the
programmes that are installed into your computer.
7 What is a CPU ­ what is its purpose in a computer?
Central processing unit - The central processing unit (CPU) is the portion of a computer system
that carries out the instructions of a computer program.
8 What is internal memory ­ what is its purpose in a computer?
Internal memory is used by the computer to store memory that is used to start up. It is used to
give the computer more memory.
9. List 3 input devices
Mouse
Keyboard
Webcam
10. List 3 output devices
Printers
Scanners
Projectors
11. Give an example of a primary storage device
RAM
12. What is a video digitiser?
A piece of software that takes an analogue video still fame and converts it to a digital still
image.
13. Give an example of a Magnetic stripe reader.
IDTech MinMag USB Magstripe Reader
14. What is a MIDI instrument?
Musical Instruments
15. Name three uses for a scanner.
16. List the advantages and disadvantages of these types of printers
Laser
Ink jet
Dot matrix
DMU 23/11/2010

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Computer System Components - 42 Questions
Plotter
17. Name a device that outputs sound
18. Name a device that inputs sound
19. Give a suitable use and the advantages and disadvantages of ­
LCD Monitor
Control Device ­ a robotic arm
20. Three types of printers ­ Laser, Ink jet, Dot matrix
Which will have the highest ­
1. Purchase cost
2. Running Cost
3. Print Quality
4. Print Speed
21. Describe common backing up storage media
22.…read more

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Computer System Components - 42 Questions
34. List 5 disadvantages of using common network environments such as the Internet
35. What is the difference between the Internet and an Intranet?
36. Describe what is meant by the terms user ids and passwords?
37. Give 3 examples of where you may use a user ids and passwords
38. Describe and list the advantages and disadvantages of Fax
39. Describe and list the advantages and disadvantages of ­ email
40.…read more

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