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The exam for Unit 1 is on:
Wednesday 12th January
at 9am
The exam is 1 hour 30 minutes.

The marks for this unit are divided into 3 parts: Cognitive Psychology (Memory);
Developmental Psychology (Early Social Development); Research Methods.

There are two sections of the paper: Section A: Cognitive Psychology…

Page 2

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Section A of the paper: Memory
Models of The multi-store model, including concepts of encoding, capacity and
memory duration. Strengths and weaknesses of the model.
The working memory model, including its strengths and weaknesses.

Memory in Eyewitness testimony (EWT) and factors affecting the accuracy of EWT,
everyday including anxiety, age…

Page 3

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LTM Duration - Bahrick et al. (1975)

LTM 30 seconds to a lifetime!
How do we know this? A clever natural experiment made use of American high school yearbooks.

Procedure A team of psychologists showed these yearbooks to
about 400 people between the ages of 17 and 74, and asked…

Page 4

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1. A lot of information hits our sensory buffer but only a fraction of it can be processed as
our brain has a limited processing unit.
2. If we pay attention to the sensory information it can enter our short-term memory (STM).
This has a limited capacity ­ it is…

Page 5

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The experiment conducted shows clearly that people have separate stores for STM and LTM as
they can remember words at the start of the list and at the end, but are poor at remembering the
words in the middle.


Serial Position Curve - Glanzer and Cunitz (1966)
Procedure
Pps asked…

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LTMs and his STM still functioned this provides support for the MSM's claim that all of these
components are separate.

As case studies of can be limited in their generalisability, brain scans of healthy individuals
completing memory tasks have also been used as support for the MSM.
fMRI studies have…

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Working Memory (STM) is.......
"that bit of memory you are USING when you are WORKING on something."


TASK: How many windows do you have in your house?
How will each of the Working Memory components contribute to the completion of the TASK?
· Phonological Loop
· Visuo-spatial Sketchpad
· Central…

Page 8

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He called this the word length effect.

Conclusions The phonological loop has a role in the capacity of STM.
1. This study shows the existence of the phonological store.
2. Capacity of STM should be thought about in terms of how long it takes to say items of
words not…

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ANXIETY and EWT

Low arousal/anxiety Moderate Arousal/anxiety High Arousal/anxiety
- + -
Christianson and Hubinette
· They had 58 witnesses to genuine bank robberies. (Some bystanders, some directly threatened).


"Christianson and Hubinette (1993) "Christianson and Hubinette (1993) N/A
found that those who were in this found that those who were…

Page 10

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All the other slides in both series were identical and shown for 1½ seconds
Participants then given:
- a 20-item multiple-choice questionnaire.
- a line up of 12 head & shoulder photos in a random sequence [and asked to rate how confident
they were of their identification on a scale…

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