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Psychology



Pavlov-classical conditioning

Classical conditioning is a reflexive or automatic type of learning in which a stimulus
acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another
stimulus. The neutral stimulus could be any event that does not result in an overt
behavioral response from the organism…

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Reinforcement is the key element in Skinner's S-R theory. A reinforcer is anything that
strengthens the desired response. It could be verbal praise, a good grade or a feeling of
increased accomplishment or satisfaction. The theory also covers negative reinforcers -- any
stimulus that results in the increased frequency of…

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