Proportional Representation Systems - An Overview

summary of the PR systems

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Proportional Representation Systems: Summary
Name Brief Description Used in Advantages Weaknesses
The Partylist system is a voting system Guarantees a high proportionality Gives the party the ability to order
emphasizing proportional representation in of the amount of the vote to the the list in their favour like making
multiplewinner elections. amount of seats gained the leader number one
List system In this system, parties make lists of Sweden, Simple for voters as they only Don't ensure fair representation
candidates to be elected, and seats get Israel, Hong have to make one choice out of a for minority groups and leaves
allocated to each party in proportion to the Kong, Brazil, small selection of parties people unrepresented
number of votes the party receives. Voters South Africa, Having an MP strengthens the
may vote directly for the party, as in Hong Finland, connection between government
Kong and Israel, or they may vote for Turkey, and the people but as this system
candidates and that vote will pool to the party, Croatia, Spain, doesn't involve MP's the
as in Turkey and Finland. Portugal, government is not held
The order in which a party's list candidates Austria and accountable enough
get elected may be predetermined by the Poland Too much power lies with the
party (a closed list system) or it may be party leadership and not the
determined by the voters at large (an open list voters
The Additional Member System (AMS) is a Each voters has a directly Some voters don't actually have a
branch of voting systems in which some accountable single constituency vote at all
representatives are elected from geographic representative Most representatives are
constituencies and others are elected under Every voter has at least one vote accountable to the party
proportional representation from a wider area, It allows the freedom to pick the leadership not the voter
Member Germany,
usually by party lists. Voters have two votes, person not just the party Creates two classes of MP
System Mexico,
one for the party and the second for the Mixture of FPTP and List system making the regional
(AMS) Bolivia, New
candidate in a constituency. The constituency gives a variety of voting system representative seem like "second
Zealand, the
representatives are generally elected under class" MP's
the firstpastthepost voting system. Its quite a complicated system
The party representatives are elected by a Some people get confused about
and the Welsh
party vote, where the electors vote for a what they are meant to do with
political party, and usually not directly for an their two votes on the ballot paper
individual. The particular individuals selected
come from lists drawn up by the political
parties before the election, at a national or
regional level.

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The Single Transferable Vote (STV) is a Put power in the hands of the Doesn't create as accurate
system of preferential voting designed to voter proportional representation as the
minimize wasted votes and provide Personal link with representative other systems
proportional representation while ensuring that increases accountability and Breaks the link between the MP
votes are explicitly expressed for individual representation and the constituency
candidates rather than for party lists.…read more


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