Slides in this set
Some BASIC presuppositions of NML:
· Everything has a purpose and mankind was made by God
with a specific design or objective in mind (although it
doesn't require belief in God).
· Its purpose can be known through reason. As a result
fulfilling the purpose of our design is the only `good' for
· The theory of Natural Law was put forward by Aristotle
but championed by Aquinas (1225-74). It is a deductive
theory it starts with basic principles and from these the
right course of action in a particular situation can be
· It is deontological, looking at the intent behind and action
and the nature of the act itself, not its outcome.…read more
The 5 key purposes of
humanity: · W orship God
· Live in an ordered · O rdered society
society · R eproduce
· Worship God · L earn
· Learn · D on't Die
· Protect and preserve Protect & preserve
· Reproduce…read more
Deontology morality is about doing your duty, an obligation to
follow rules or do right actions.
Natural Law produces absolute moral rules the secondary precepts.
This makes morality straightforward and uncomplicated. Roman
Catholics know what their morality demands no contraception,
no abortion, no divorce etc.
These arise from the primary precepts: e.g. do not have an abortion,
do not commit suicide.
It is unclear how Natural Law should deal with conflicting rules
where there is overpopulation and limited resources, reproducing
seems to conflict with living in society and protecting the innocent.
Many people believe that Natural Law leads to wrong decisions,
not taking into account the human suffering that, for example, not
using condoms might cause.
Another criticism is that Aquinas comes up with the wrong rules. He
says the primary precept concerning reproduction leads to a
secondary precept monogamy. But is this necessarily the best
way to ensure that reproduction occurs?…read more