Natural Moral Law - Investigations, Medical Ethics

Here are some notes on Natural Moral Law for the Investigations exam for medical ethics. In the exam you will have to be able to apply this knowledge to the topic you have chosen for example euthanasia, abortion etc. To gain high marks in this exam, it will help if you put some of this information in. Examiners will not give you high marks if you simply write what you learned about in GCSE.

Hope this helps :)

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Introducing Natural Moral Law

Some BASIC presuppositions of NML:

Everything has a purpose and mankind was made by God with a specific design or objective in mind (although it doesn't
require belief in God).

Its purpose can be known through reason. As a result fulfilling the purpose of our design…

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Task 1

1. What are the primary precepts? How could we easily remember them?

2. What is the most important of these primary precepts?

3. What is a secondary precept?

4. What does absolutist mean?

5. Aquinas rejects teleology and embraces deontological ethics. Explain what is meant by these terms…

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Some additional things to think about...

Efficient and final causes

This is Aristotle's distinction between what gets things done (efficient cause) and the end product (final Cause). With humans it
is the accomplishment of the end product the equates to `good'. An example is sexuality ­ an efficient cause of…

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Task 3

With reference to all aspects of natural moral law, assess how the theory applies to your chosen area of Medical Ethics.



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