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Political Turmoil 1929 ­ 1923
Politics in Weimar (Post Wall Street Crash)

Key Questions:

Why did parliamentary government reach crisis point and eventually collapse in Germany
between 1930-1933?
How have historians explained the post 1930 Nazi electoral breakthrough?
What myriad of factors caused Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in January 1933…

Page 2

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It also had a positive impact on the Rise of the Nazi Party, giving Hitler the publicity
he needed and established him as a potential leader of a Unified Right.
This also enabled the Nazis to campaign on a National Level, beyond the remit of
Bavaria.

Muller's `Grand Coalition'

Stresemann…

Page 3

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Speech of German Chancellor Von Papen to the Lausanne Conference (16th June ­ 9th July
1932):


Blamed the `Welfare State' for the
economic crisis.







Brüning as Chancellor 1930 ­ 1932

Heinrich Brüning had been appointed as Chancellor by President von
Hindenburg after the collapse of Hermann Müller's coalition government/'Grand
Coalition'…

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The Reichstag objected and Brüning called for the Parliament to be dissolved
and new elections to take place.
From 19301932, Brüning ruled as a `semidictator'. In 1930, he used Article 48
5 times! In 1932, he used it 66 times!

Results of September 1930 Election

Devastation for democracy in Germany…

Page 5

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However, post1934 correspondence and memoirs frequently contradict reliable accounts of the period, and some
that Brüning's memory played him false on numerous occasions.

Views on Brüning as Chancellor 1929-1932

Few figures of the Weimar Republic's troubled last years have received more historical
attention or generated more controversy than Heinrich Brüning,…

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