Political parties, ideologies and policies

This study material partly comes from 'Edexcel Government and politics for AS' -Neil McNaughton and 'My revision notes: Edexcel AS Uk government and politics)-Neil McNaughton 

Good luck to all people there studying :) 

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Party policies and ideas

Definition of a party
An organisation that develops a set of political goals an policies, which
seeks to convert into political action by obtaining government office,
or a share in government, or by influencing the government of the day.

Features of a party
1. Each…

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4. Identifying leaders -Parties need leaders (potential gov
ministers). They therefor have procedures for identifying
potential leaders.
5. Organising elections -Party organisations form part of the
process of publicising election issues, perduading people to vote
and informing them about the candidates
6. Education -Parties have an educative function. Involved in…

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The political left

Collectivism, which is a belief that goals can be achieved by
collective action as well as by the efforts of individuals. This includes
the idea of the state as an essential and positive force in the lives of

A belief that the interests of the wider…

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Conservative ideas
Center-right political party (today)
Traditional conservatism (late 1800 century)

Traditional conservatism
Originated late part of 1800 century.
Emerged as a reaction to new liberal ideas that came
from two revolutions (1) NorthAmerica 1776 and (2)

Conservative thinkers; Edmund burke became
alarmed at the rise of ideas such…

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Tradition and preservation (monarchy, church

The conservative preference for the preservation of
tradition is related closely to their desire for public

Conservatives argue that the reason values and
institution has survived is because of their quality , that
they `carry a wisdom of the past'

The Organic society…

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New right conservatism
The free market and neoliberalism. Margaret Thatcher and her
leadership group were `neoliberals'. They believed that, wherever
possible, markets should be free from intervention or interference by
government, trade unions or large, powerful corporations. The solution
to virtually all economic problems lay in free markets correcting

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Low direct taxation. New Right conservatives saw direct taxes on
individuals and private companies as a lack of encouragement to work
and enterprise.

Income tax levels were reduced, especially at higher earning levels. The
revenue was made up by higher indirect taxes such as VAT.

· Taxes on private company…

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Strong policing policies, including greater powers to control
demonstrations and public disorder.

· Longer, more severe sentences for criminals.

· Support for the institution of traditional marriage.

Property. Like traditional conservatives, the New Right emphasised the
importance of home ownership.

Tenants in local authority housing were given the right to…

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New right and Traditional conservatism Difference

Traditional conservatives see society as organic whereas the New Rights see society as
merely a collection of individuals. Margaret Thatcher famously stated, `There is no such
thing as society.'

Traditional conservatives support free markets but take a pragmatic view of economic
management , believing…

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