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End of ideology?
Within political thought, the `end of ideology' concept grew in popularity from around the
1950s onwards and was primarily advanced by the US academic Daniel Bell (1960). For
Bell, the loss of appeal of both communism and fascism in the West was desirable, as it

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End of history?
In his wellknown essay `The End of History', which was later developed into `The End of
History and the Last Man', US political commentator Francis Fukuyama believed, in
contrast to Bell, that rather than ideas and ideologies having become an irrelevant form of
political thought, there had…

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the same question, essentially `what is the destiny of industrial society?'. However, since the
1960s the ideological debate has been no less fierce and intense, but it has come to be seen
as much more disparate and fragmented as the rising significance of `new' ideologies has
opened new directions of…

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religious fundamentalists who have interpreted rationalist thought as a mode of cultural

Ideology without end
One thing each of these visions has in common is that they have been developed within an
ideological framework and have all pronounced the victory of one ideology as signalling the
end of ideology…


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