Psychology As

Core studies questions and more

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Section A
1. From the study by Baron-Cohen et al on autism in adults.
a. Identify one difference between the performance of autistic
adults and the Tourette's syndrome adults.
One difference between the performance of the Tourette's
group and autistic group was that the people who suffered
from Tourette's did much better in identifying the emotion
in other people whereas the autistic group are not able to
do this.
b. Outline what this study tells us about advance theory of
This study tell us that people who suffer form Autism/
Asperser's syndrome don't have an advanced theory of
mind, we know this as they were un able to identify the
emotions of the people in the picture. Where as the control
group and the Tourette's group were able to identify the
2. From the study by Loftus and Palmer on eyewitness testimony,
outline two ways in which the procedure was standardised.
The procedure was standardised was that everyone took the saw
the same video for the same amount of time and were asked the
same question in each group
3. From the study by Savage- Rumbaugh identify one reason why
Kanzi was taught symbol acquisition as a means of
Kanzi was taught by a symbol acquisition to communicate as
chimps don't have the same vocal cords as humans therefore
don't have the ability to talk, so Savage- Rumbaugh gave Kanzi
the lexigram so they could understand and record everything
Kanzi said.
b. Outline one way in which the researchers recorded Kanzi's
symbol acquisition.
One way that the researchers recorded what Kanzi's symbol
acquisition was with the lexigram which was linked to a computer

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Kanzi touched and saved it on a
4. Bandura, Ross and Ross in their study of aggression used a
`matched pairs' experimental design.
a. How were the children matched in this study?
The children were matched on aggression, to do this one of the
experimenters and the teacher watch the children playing in the
nursery to see if they were aggressive, they were rated on a scale
of 1-5. Then the children were paired together and placed in
different groups.
b.…read more

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From Freud's study of little Hans
a. Briefly describe one of little Hans' dreams or fantasies.
On of Little Hans dream/fantasy was that in his room at night
there were two giraffe a big one and a crumbled one, the big
giraffe cried out as little Hans had taken the crumbled one away,
then the big one stopped calling out and little Hans sat down on
top of the crumbled one.
b. Outline Freud's explanation of this dream or fantasy.…read more

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The sample were obtained by newspaper advertisement and
direct mailing, 40 men responded between the age from 20-50
and were told the would receive $4.50 for just turning up.
b. Outline one disadvantage of the way this sample was obtained.
The disadvantage of how this sample was obtained, as the
sample was gathered by advertisement in the media causing it to
be random which could cause the same type of men to apply
therefore it might be hard to generalise.
12.…read more

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Section B
Piviavin et al
a. What was the aim of this study?
The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in
helping behaviour according to circumstantial factors,
including would an ill person get more help than a drunk,
would a white person get more help than a black person and
would the influence of a model encourage more people to help.
b. Describe the method in your chosen study and give one
advantage of using this method.
c.…read more

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Suggest how your chosen study could be made more ethical.
Piliavin's study could become more ethical is they had but
poster around the subway saying that an experiment was
taking place, if they had done this then the participants
would have been informed that there was an experiment,
another way that Piliavin could had made this study more
ethical by debriefing the participants after the study.
f. Outline the implication of the ethical changes you have
suggested for your chosen study.…read more


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