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The Ontological Argument
A priori ­ use of logic alone, no empirical evidence
Uses deductive reasoning as the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises
Classic Form ­ Anselm in a book called The Proslogion presented in two forms:
1st form: God is `that than which nothing greater can be conceived'…

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`Two things fill the mind with ever new increasing admiration and awe... the starry heavens
above me and the moral law within me' ­ Kant
Deontological and absolute
We all have an innate moral awareness; true virtue is rewarded with happiness.
When human virtue and happiness are united = `Summum…

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Also known as the first cause argument and is an a posteriori argument that is based on what
we observe in the world and the apparent order in the universe
States that there must have been a first cause of the universe and this first cause was God
Thomas Aquinas…

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Design qua Regularity ­ Looks at design in relation to the order and regularity
Design qua Purpose ­ Looks at design in relation to the ways in which the parts of the universe
appear to fit together
Aquinas' Fifth Way ­ Beneficial order exists in the universe so that things…

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Age-day flat creationism ­ Creation occurred through divine intervention in separate acts of God
over a long period of time
Young-earth creationism ­ Creation occurred through divine intervention over a period of 144
hours, 6-8 thousand years ago
The big-bang occurred between 10 and 20 billion years ago where a…


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