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Ancient Greek Influences on the Philosophy of Religion 3
Plato: The Analogy of the Cave 3
The Concept of `Forms'/`The Form of the Good' 4
Aristotle 6
Judaeo-Christian Influences on Religious Philosophy 8
The Concept of God as Creator 8
The Goodness of God 9
Traditional Arguments for the Existence of God 12
The Ontological Argument 12
The Cosmological Argument 17
The Teleological (Design) Argument for the Existence of God 24
The Aesthetic Argument 26
The Moral Argument for the Existence of God 31…read more

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Thank You for Choosing ZigZag Education
Ancient Greek Influences on the Philosophy of Religion
Class Mind Map
You can use dictionaries, swap ideas and include what you think yourself to
produce a class mind map.
What is Philosophy?
Plato: The Analogy of the Cave
(The Republic VII: 514A-521B)
Plato used the analogy to illustrate his idea of `The Forms'.
The Analogy of the Cave
Imagine several prisoners who have been chained up in a cave all their lives.…read more

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Activity 1
On your own (or in pairs) jot down notes on the following from the analogy of the experience
of the prisoners in the cave.…read more

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Criticism of the Theory of the `Forms'
· The forms cannot be empirically proven to exist, as we cannot know whether or not they exist from
our experience. They are simply part of Plato's theory. Much like the existence of a God, there are
arguments both for and against, but it isn't possible to prove or disprove the existence of a meta-
physical, greater power.
· Forms could not have made such a distorted world.…read more

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"The Universe has always been here."
One group is to argue for this case (Weak anthropic principle), the other to argue
against. Both may refer to scientific, philosophical or religious arguments to put
forward their case.
Summary Information on Aristotle
· A pupil of Plato, who rejected Platonic dualism. A strong Empiricist: He believed that knowledge is only
obtainable through experience and the senses.
· He traced 4 causes for a thing or being: Material, Efficient, Formal and Final.…read more

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Things to do: Quick Quiz Questions
1. What are Aristotle's four causes?
2. Explain what Aristotle meant by the Prime Mover.
Things to do: Note Taking
Make bullet pointed summaries of Aristotle's teaching on:
a. Cause and Purpose in relation to God.
b. Aristotle's ideas on Body and Soul.
Things to do: Exam Style Question
All your notes will help you answer the questions below and help prepare your examination technique.
1a. Explain Aristotle's idea of the final cause. (25 marks)
1b.…read more

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Judaeo-Christian Influences on Religious Philosophy
Please remember to compare Judeo-Christian ideas of God with Plato's Form of the Good and Aristotle's
idea of the prime mover!
The Concept of God as Creator
Genesis Chapters: 1-3
In Genesis 1:1 it says:
"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness
was over the surface of the deep and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.…read more

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Things to do: Quick Quiz Questions
1. How does Genesis 1 describe God as the Creator?
2. What does Genesis 2 deal with?
3. What is described in Genesis 3?
4. What are the attributes (qualities) of a Creator God?
Things to do: Note Taking
1. Read Genesis Chapters 1-3 and make notes on what `creation' is like. (extended writing)
2. Does Genesis 1 Claim that God created out of nothing? Discuss.
3.…read more

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Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Honour your Father and Mother, so that you
may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.
· You shall not murder.
· You shall not commit adultery.
· You shall not steal.
· You shall not give false testimony against your neighbour.…read more


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