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Philosophy and Ethics
OCR AS 2008 Course Companion
Unit 1: Philosophy of Religion
ANDREW HILL

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Contents

Ancient Greek Influences on the Philosophy of Religion 3
Plato: The Analogy of the Cave 3
The Concept of `Forms'/`The Form of the Good' 4
Aristotle 6
Judaeo-Christian Influences on Religious Philosophy 8
The Concept of God as Creator 8
The Goodness of God 9
Traditional Arguments for the…

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Ancient Greek Influences on the Philosophy of Religion

Class Mind Map
You can use dictionaries, swap ideas and include what you think yourself to
produce a class mind map.

What is Philosophy?


Plato: The Analogy of the Cave
(The Republic VII: 514A-521B)

Plato used…

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Activity 1
On your own (or in pairs) jot down notes on the following from the analogy of the experience
of the prisoners in the cave.
The prisoners
The shadows
The cave itself
The Outside World
The Sun
The journey out of the cave and the return

Activity 2
What…

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Criticism of the Theory of the `Forms'
· The forms cannot be empirically proven to exist, as we cannot know whether or not they exist from
our experience. They are simply part of Plato's theory. Much like the existence of a God, there are
arguments both for and against, but…

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Aristotle

"The Universe has always been here."
One group is to argue for this case (Weak anthropic principle), the other to argue
against. Both may refer to scientific, philosophical or religious arguments to put
forward their case.

Summary Information on Aristotle
· A pupil of Plato, who rejected Platonic dualism.…

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Things to do: Quick Quiz Questions
1. What are Aristotle's four causes?
?
2. Explain what Aristotle meant by the Prime Mover.


Things to do: Note Taking
Make bullet pointed summaries of Aristotle's teaching on:
a. Cause and Purpose in relation to God.
b. Aristotle's ideas on Body and Soul.…

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Judaeo-Christian Influences on Religious Philosophy
Please remember to compare Judeo-Christian ideas of God with Plato's Form of the Good and Aristotle's
idea of the prime mover!


The Concept of God as Creator

Genesis Chapters: 1-3
In Genesis 1:1 it says:
"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.…

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Things to do: Quick Quiz Questions
1. How does Genesis 1 describe God as the Creator?
?
2. What does Genesis 2 deal with?
3. What is described in Genesis 3?
4. What are the attributes (qualities) of a Creator God?


Things to do: Note Taking
1. Read Genesis Chapters…

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Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Honour your Father and Mother, so that you
may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.

· You shall not murder.
· You shall not commit adultery.
· You shall not steal.
· You…

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