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Plato (428-347 BC)

Pupil of Socrates in Athens (Ancient Greece). Socrates was sentenced to death in 399 BC for
challenging the accepted view of the world and the most basic assumptions.

Theory of knowledge
The world that we see around us is just an illusion created by our senses. The…

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prisoner, we are dazzled and frightened by reality, which is so much greater than our previous
experience. Because it is so unfamiliar, reality will at first seem less believable than the illusion. It will
take time to discover its full extent, just as the prisoner at first could not look…

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beauty is, which is informed by our senses. We can only have opinions but never true knowledge.
Visible World/ Realm of Appearances/ World of sense experience.

The Forms

Plato believed that behind every object (tree) and concept (beauty) in the visible world, there is an
unseen reality, which he calls…

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Forms are the source of all knowledge. Philosopher seeks these. Infinitely more real than their
particulars which only appear to exist and are very pale reflections of the Forms? Sometimes called
Forms are not made upon nor dependant on physical matter. They are consistent in that they are…

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In Plato's words; "The body is the source of endless trouble... it fills us full of loves and lusts and
fears and fancies of all kinds... and takes away from us all power of thinking at all"
Unless we make a conscious effort to set aside these bodily concerns, the…

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Second, Plato's analogy does not successfully illustrate the difference between the visible
world and the world of the Forms. Plato believed that the two are fundamentally different;
unlike the visible world, the Forms are beyond the experience of our senses. Plato's analogy
fails to illustrate this distinction both the Form…




Perfect, detailed and intellectually exquisite.

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