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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

Philosophy of Religion ­ The God of Philosophy p3-14
Famous Philosophers

Socrates ­ The first Western philosopher; although he wrote nothing down, many of his
ideas were recorded by Plato, his student. Socrates died after drinking hemlock, a poison. He
had been condemned to death by a…

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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

Plato's Theory of Forms

The world we live in is a world of appearances, but it is not the most important or real world.
In the material world, things that exist like trees and plants will all die. What makes a tree a
tree however, or a…

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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

Plato says we recognise the Forms because we are born with a dim recollection of them
from our prior existence in the realm of the Forms. There is an inner part of us, you might
call it the soul, that does not change. The soul is the…

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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

them to see the Forms. (Posterori ­ knowledge gained from the senses, Priori ­ knowledge
gained from logical reasoning)

The statues that people carry are also images of the Forms. These images are themselves
only imitations or copies of the true reality of the Forms.

The people…

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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

mind in which they are preserved, (E.g. knowledge lost in the collapse of the Roman Empire
was rediscovered by Islamic cultures in the Middle Ages).

Unclear link between Forms and the physical world: The link between the two is never
explained by Plato, for example what is…

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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

Bricks, mortar, wood, glass, metal, paint etc.

Built and designed

A roof, a door, windows, walls

To provide a shelter in which to live

Plato and Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle are often thought to represent two different approaches to philosophy,
Plato emphasising the world of ideas and…

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Rhiannon Edwards C6AP

The prime mover exists by necessity - meaning that the prime mover could not fail to exist.
It is not capable of change, and so is pure actuality by nature, and so it's nature is good. The
reason for this is that the lack of goodness means…


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