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Ancient Greek Influences on the Philosophy of Religion

Plato's Analogy of the Cave

In the book ­ The Republic ­ an analogy is proposed to serve as an illustration of the human condition.
Every human, is like a prisoner in an underground cave, strapped to a chair, so he can't…

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enables us to identify them as a horse. Of course, some may be old, some may be lame etc... but the `form'
of a horse is eternal. It is spiritual in nature that all things are fashioned after.

He was astonished by the way natural phenomena could be so alike…

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1. How many Forms?

How many forms are there? Plato held that such things as mud, dirt and reality implies a greater degree of
goodness, and it's difficult to see how this can be defended.

2. The Third Man argument ­ Argument against the forms

Plato admits an argument against…

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2. God is eternal ­ no start or end. To say God is eternal is to say that he is outside space and
time. A being which is inside time but lasts forever is not eternal. That would be Sempiternal.
3. PM had to be good. Badness is associated with…

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