Aristotle

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Aristotle was a pupil of Plato’s at his university (ACADAMY named after ACADAMUS) His philosophy focuses on the purpose of objects and discovering why things exist.

Aristotle was more down to earth and believed more in A POSTERIORI knowledge rather than A PRIORI like Plato. He did not believe in the world of the forms. He did however believe everything has a cause.

THE MATERIAL CAUSE – what the object is made from

THE FORMAL CAUSE –its structure

THE EFFICIENT CAUSE – the agent which brings it to its current formation or the makers of it

THE FINAL CAUSE – its initial purpose as an object.

USE THE EXAMPLE OF CAKE – INGREDIENTS, RECIPE, BAKING, EATING.

Aristotle claims that everything is moved by the prime mover – the unmoved mover. The prime mover was inspired by the quote by Heraclitus “you can never step into the same river twice” as there is a

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