Personalities of people in the Indian independence struggle

When interpreting sources, it often helps to know a bit about who is writing or who is being written about. This helps to understand the nature of the source and the author’s personal viewpoint. This document is just something I made which has baisc descriptions about the main people involved (Gandhi, Jinnah, Nehru, Churchill, Mountbatten and more). 

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  • Created on: 05-05-13 14:00
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Personalities of Key Players in the Independence Struggle
When interpreting sources, it often helps to know a bit about who is writing or who is being written
about. This helps to understand the nature of the source and the author's personal viewpoint.
1) Mohandas Gandhi:
Born: 1869 ­ Gujarat
Political Actions: 1919-1948
Occupation: Lawyer
Known For: Passive Resistance to the British Raj (and is loincloth)
Description:
Gandhi first became committed to work against racial discrimination when
he was thrown of a train in South Africa for being Indian. When he returned
to India, he saw moderate leader Gokhale as his mentor was a bit more
extreme (like Tilak). Gandhi wanted there to be Hindu-Muslim unity and
friendship and the inclusion of untouchables in India. However, some of his
remarks didn't go down well as some of the time, he appeared to be
saying that Muslims would eventually become Hindus! Gandhi often
contradicted himself; he appeared to reject western values but when
asked what he thought of western civilisation he said that it would be a
good thing.
2) Jawaharlal Nehru:
Born: 1889
Political Actions: 1921-1964
Occupation: Barrister/ Head of interim government/ Prime Minister of
India
Known For: Active role in Congress
Description:
Nehru was a Brahmin Hindu but due to his nature, he was often called `a
Brahmin who loathed caste'. Is father Motial Nehru had been involved in
politics as well. Nehru's interest in politics began after the Massacre of
Amritsar. He believed in a modern secular democracy with equal rights for
women. He wanted independence for India to improve the lives of the
people rather than for political pride. Nehru saw Gandhi as his mentor but
Gandhi's emphasis on religion and Hinduisms strained their relationship.
Gandhi was the visionary, Nehru was the politician. He was a good leader
but not co-operating league after the 1937 elections was a mistake.

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah:
Born: 1875 Karachi
Political Actions: 1909 -1930 1935-1948
Occupation: Lawyer/ Leader of Muslim League/ Governor General
of Pakistan
Known For: Creation of Pakistan
Description:
Jinnah was very much and anglicised Indian. He studied law in England
and worked successfully as a lawyer for many years in London. This
reflected on his dress as he often wore suits. Up until the 1920's
Jinnah was a Muslim representative on Congress! He was a moderate
and thus disapproved of civil disobedience.…read more

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Personalities of other players in the independence struggle
The above show key players involved. However, it is good to know other people and other groups
of people as well as their attitudes and characteristics.…read more

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