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Personal Rule of Charles I, 16291640
11 years of Personal rule. This was different because Charles kept it up for so long.
Key features of Personal rule
Sources of Finance
Attempt to clamp down of Puritans, make church more uniform
Foreign policy quiet but mildly proSpanish
Running the government
Charles chose to rule without Parliament due to his frustration at Parliament not giving him
what he wanted. There was no evidence of Absolutism, if Charles wanted to be an Absolute
Monarch he would have attempted to disband Parliament.
How the country was run
By Privy Council, they met twice a week to handle issues. Laud was on the Privy Council.
Role of government
To ensure localities were run well, they had a duty to oversee the people.
Sheriffs were used to enforce justice of the courts and upkeep the law, they collected ship
money in Charles personal rule.
Poor Relief 16301631
The Harvest of 1630 was the worst in the early Stuart history. Food riots became in the West
Country. The Book of Orders was Published which directed poor relief. Initially the book was
successful the localities seemed to be doing as directed and the reports coming back were
detailed and positive. Then the reports became vague and useless!
The Royal Court
The court was formal and dignified verging on austere and restrained. Very different to
James court which was lavish. There was no tolerance of bad behaviour lead to suspicions of
what was really going on in court. Unlike Elizabeth, Charles did not seek to win peoples love
by showing himself to them. He remained private.
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The royal family and interests
After a rocky start Charles and
Henrietta Maria had grown very
fond of each other and were in a
caring and loving relationship. His
Eldest son Charles II born in 1630
gave Charles deep satisfaction. 7
other children followed in the years
16301644. The other interests in
Charles life were Patronage and the
visual arts. He spent a lot of time
developing his art collection, there were fears that Charles would be swayed by the Catholic
art of Rome.…read more