Persecution & Control: The reason for The Great Terror (Purge)

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The reasons for the start of the purges

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  • Created on: 02-04-13 10:46
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Persecution & control- Totalitarian Politics & Culture
o Checka (1917-1922) ----- Dzerzhinsky 1926
Secret police--- Opposition in party a concern
o OGPU (1922-1934) -------Yagoda 1935 (purge)
Secret police---- Organised prison labour camps
o NKVD 1934+ ------Yezhov 1938
Beria 1953
Secret police---Spied on workers & accused them
1. The Christka (cleansing) 1932-1935--- over 20% of party expelled non-violently
2. The Snow trials of old Bosheviks
3. The Yezhovsh china 1937-1938 --- period of terror, thousands denounced &
4. Shakhty engineers, Menshevik trial & trial of state farm & agriculture
Cause of the Great Explanation of how it caused the Great Terror & specific
Terror examples
Congress of Victors Votes for the central Committee: Stalin was outrages by Kirov. Later also found out
old Bolsheviks' attempted to persuade Kirov to run/ stand as General Secretariat, he
refused. However, Stalin still felt he had to purge the party due to this.
Paranoia Stalin felt unable to trust within the Communist party although he did have the `red
army' 7 `secret police', making him an unchallenged ruler, but felt the still had
Fearful of old communists, Bolsheviks & rivals as may not have fully converted to full
Stalinist yet.
Conclusion: must get rid of!
Terror Economics Could blame economic failure on enemies & `wreckers' disrupted five-year plans &
Stalin accused them of being employed by old Bosheviks.
Purges created cheap labour & scape goats.
Shakhty engineers, Menshevik trial & trial of state farm & agriculture


Megan K

a helpful resource. well defined and gives dates that most students will need to learn for this period. may have been better with more points; more of a discussion on the role of Kirov's assassination in providing a justification for the depth and extent of the subsequent purges, mostly inside the party. 

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