First 264 words of the document:
Persecution & control- Totalitarian Politics & Culture
o Checka (1917-1922) ----- Dzerzhinsky 1926
Secret police--- Opposition in party a concern
o OGPU (1922-1934) -------Yagoda 1935 (purge)
Secret police---- Organised prison labour camps
o NKVD 1934+ ------Yezhov 1938
Secret police---Spied on workers & accused them
1. The Christka (cleansing) 1932-1935--- over 20% of party expelled non-violently
2. The Snow trials of old Bosheviks
3. The Yezhovsh china 1937-1938 --- period of terror, thousands denounced &
4. Shakhty engineers, Menshevik trial & trial of state farm & agriculture
Cause of the Great Explanation of how it caused the Great Terror & specific
Congress of Victors Votes for the central Committee: Stalin was outrages by Kirov. Later also found out
old Bolsheviks' attempted to persuade Kirov to run/ stand as General Secretariat, he
refused. However, Stalin still felt he had to purge the party due to this.
Paranoia Stalin felt unable to trust within the Communist party although he did have the `red
army' 7 `secret police', making him an unchallenged ruler, but felt the still had
Fearful of old communists, Bolsheviks & rivals as may not have fully converted to full
Conclusion: must get rid of!
Terror Economics Could blame economic failure on enemies & `wreckers' disrupted five-year plans &
Stalin accused them of being employed by old Bosheviks.
Purges created cheap labour & scape goats.
Shakhty engineers, Menshevik trial & trial of state farm & agriculture