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Parliament defying
the will of the
government.
Occasion Detail
1979 vote of no The labour government under prime minister
confidence James Callaghan was removed prematurely
from office after a sustained period of
industrial unrest and economic problems.
1986 Shops Bill The only time in Margaret Thatcher's period in
office that her government lost a vote on a
major piece of legislation. The Shops Bill was a
proposal to allow more shops to open for
trading on a Sunday.…read more

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Fixed Term The House of Lords defeated the coalition
Parliaments Bill government on the provision to introduce
defeated 5-year fixed parliamentary terms permanently.
It insisted that the measure would laps after
2015 unless renewed by Parliament.…read more

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Positives Negatives
MP's
They strongly represent the interests and grievances or constituents and When there is a conflict between party policy and constituency interest, party
constituencies. policy often wins.
Departmental select committees staffed by backbenchers have a good reputation MPs on legislative committees are ineffective because the government dominat
for calling government to account. them and whips enforce strict policy discipline.
MPs can be effective when questions minister on the floor of the House. Whips enforce strict party discipline on all key debates and votes.…read more

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House of Lords reform proposals evaluated:
Reform A Disadvantages
d
va
nt
a
ge
s
Abolition I An important check on governmental power
t would be lost.
It would deny many worthy individuals the
w opportunity to engage in politics.
o The expertise of the second chamber would be
u lost.…read more

Comments

Old Sir

A well-organised approach to dealing with the knowledge and understanding needed in order to discuss the UK parliamentary system and its overlap with UK government. Students might wish to use this outline as a springboard into further researching the issues raised here, so as to create a number of case studies that may be used when discussing issues such as parliamentary efficiency and effectiveness.

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