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Type of Source Description of source
Parliamentary These are laws, passed by the UK Parliament, The Human Rights Act 1998 brought the European Convention on Human Rights into UK la
statuettes which have a constitutional effect. The Scotland Act 1998 transferred considerable power to a Scottish Parliament.
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 gave considerable public access to official documen
information.…read more

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In favour of codification Against codification
Clarity. Citizens know how power is distributed and what the limits are to the power Flexibility. An uncodified constitution can be easily changed and so evolve and
of political institutions. adapt to changing circumstances.
Limiting government. A codified constitution is likely to prevent a `drift' of power Strong government. A codified constitution might limit the power of governm
towards over-powerful government. too much, making government ineffective.
Safeguarding the constitution. If codified, it would be difficult for a short-term Accountability.…read more

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Devolution Considerable powers were transferred to a Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and Northern Ireland Assembly. The process was known as
Elected Mayors An elected mayor was introduced for Greater London. Referendums in other parts of the country resulted in 11 further examples of elected m
The Human Rights Act The European Convention on Human Rights became part of British law, binding on all bodies other than the UK Parliament.…read more

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Proposal Detail
Electoral reform A referendum was to be held in May 2011 on whether to introduce the alternative vote system for general elections. The referendum voted `No'
Fixed-term These were agreed in 2010. The gap between elections to the House of Commons was fixed at 5 years. This took away the PM's power to determ
parliaments date of general elections.
House of Lords Legislation was to be introduced to create a partly or fully elected House of Lords.…read more

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Key Changes Criticisms and failed reform
Government has been decentralised through devolution and the introduction of It can be argued that the United Kingdom has been weakened by devolution.
elected mayors. The Human Rights Act and greater judicial independence have created conflic
Rights are better protected through the Human Rights Act and the Freedom of between senior judges and government.
Information Act. Parliamentary sovereignty means that rights cannot properly be protected.…read more

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Positive Elements Negative Elements
It is flexible. Because it is uncodified, it can evolve naturally and respond easily to It is too flexible and so can be amended by a temporary government that wish
changing circumstances. serve its own purposes.
It provides for strong, decisive government which is not constrained by constitutional It allows governments to have too much power, as there are inadequate
rules. The government's mandate is normally clear. constitutional safeguards in place.…read more


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