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2 meanings:
-Event caused by God (religious believers, God acting within the world)
-Transgression of the laws of nature (or violation, David Hume)

Much debate over the definition
-Are they really miracles?
-Can God intervene in some cases and not others? (Arbitrary and partisan, Maurice…

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Agrees with Hume that laws of nature are based upon people's experiences of the
Makes 2 points different from Hume
Laws of nature are generalisations (general idea of how things work)
Laws of nature are a description of how things currently work, this could change
Therefore a miracle is…

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Not just about the single action, but it reveals something about God which is more

Religious Experiences
Supernatural phenomenon that holds certain values and changes the person for the better

No scientific explanation

Can be a direct encounter with God

Some argue they can come in the form of…

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Religious experiences can come in a variety of forms within different cultures
-Different religions are a reflection of this

Treat religious Experiences the same as normal one's

Principle of credulity: experience is usually reliable and can be trusted

Principle of testimony: people usually tell the truth so trust them…

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In most of claimed religious experiences individuals are usually in a bad state such as
illness or drug and drink abuse, so the mind is weaker and vulnerable and it could be an
illusion not a religious experience. (Similar to Hume)

Freud argued that religious experiences aren't real and there…

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Practical verifiability: can be tested in reality. E.G Real Madrid wear white shirts, can
observe this
Verifiable in principle: Such as life on other planets, might be possible but we don't have
the technology to observe this
Strong verification: Things can be verified conclusively by observation and experience

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Response of R.M Hare - 'Bliks'
Religious statements are non-cognitive (a statement that cannot be subject to truth or
falsification) and influence the way in which people see the world so have meaning.
Hare called this idea Bliks, which is how people see the world and the difference between

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Say what he is not (e.g. God is not a human being because he is transcendent)
Emphasises the difference between God and humanity
Trying to give God positive attributes is misleading
(God is love, people think human concept of love which has flaws)
Inaccurate statements damage understanding
Better to know…

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Viewed God as "ground of being" and the reason for everything we see. Therefore it is only
possible to comprehended God through symbols.
Believed there was a distinction between signs and symbols
-Signs are chosen arbitrary (based on random choice, rather than any reason or system) to
stand for something.…

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Therefore we should accepted them as entirely true

Saying its a myth is like saying its false

Within Christianity myth's became popular when...

Scientific theories started to appear, which went against ideas in the bible

Contradicted the bible, therefore seem reasonable to suggest stories in the bible were
meant as…




This is really useful.

Thanks alot.



Wow this is really good and in depth, just what I was looking for...

Thanks a bunch


Wow this is really good and in depth, just what I was looking for...

Thanks a bunch

Maria Gunayon


Thank you!



Cheers, its really helpful




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