NUCLEAR ARMS RACE - CHARTING 1941 - 1963

chart of events and the development of the nuclear arms race

a2 history with edexcel

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  • Created on: 05-06-12 20:15
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Charting the Arms Race 1941 ­ 1963
NUCLEAR DATES DETAILS OF US ADVANTAGE DETAILS OF SOVIET ADVANTAGE
DEVELOPMENT
MANHATTAN 1941- How did Truman announce this to Stalin?
PROJECT 45 Ambiguously referred to the development of a new
Development of weapons of `special destructive force'
first atomic What advantages did this give the US and how effectively
bomb did they use it?
Nuclear monopoly
They are the only ones with the capability.
They show the power of it, but they don't stay ahead
What was the Baruch Plan and why did it fail?
Attempted to vest control over nuclear weapons in the US
Stalin was fearful that the US could resume nuclear weapon
production at will
RUSSIAN ATOMIC 1945- What was Stalin's response to US atomic developments?
PROJECT 49 Directed the Soviet physicist Igor Kurchator to `provide us with
the atomic bomb in the shortest possible time'
Funds were diverted back to nuclear weapons from the Soviet
rocket
Tested first Soviet A-bomb
Why was this such a disappointment to the US?
Believed it would take 15-20 years. Unnerved by the Soviet
success, the unmasking of a nuclear spy ring and Berlin
H-BOMB 1950- When did the US develop the H-Bomb? When did the USSR develop the H-bomb?
PROJECTS 54 Authorised a full programme of hydrogen-bomb research in 12th August 1953
(Ounce for January 1950
ounce, explosive Korean War in April accelerated
yield 3x as great 1st November 1952 detonated first experimental H-bomb
as nuclear Perfected 1st March 1954
fission)

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DELIVERY DATES DETAILS OF US ADVANTAGE DETAILS OF SOVIET ADVANTAGE
SYSTEMS
LAND BASED 1955 Where could the United States strike the Soviet Union from Where could the United States strike the Soviet Union from?
MEDIUM RANGE and with what missiles? Military bases in Britain, Greece, Turkey, Italy, Germany and
MISSILE [IRBMs] Military bases in Britain, Greece, Turkey, Italy, Germany and Japan
Japan. B52 Stratofortress. Intercontinental range.…read more

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Authorised a major review and increase in US conventional
forces
Authorised the deployment of 1054 Minuteman ICBMs and
the construction of 41 nuclear submarines armed with
Polaris missiles
What was JFK's new policy and what was its impact?
The missile race had conferred a parity of nuclear threat
`flexible response' ­ moved away from the first use of
nuclear weapons
The joint deployment of nuclear submarines and
construction of hardened missile silos guaranteed a second
strike capability ­ Mutually Assured Destruction…read more

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