How far was the Arms Race a threat to world peace 1948-62- PLAN

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How far was the nuclear arms race a threat to world peace in the
years 1949-62?
Impact of the Arms Race. Introduction- state argument- was a
threat- evaluate by adding however and suggesting threat
reduced.
1) Cuban Missile Missile crisis- s/t- yes
l/t- no
· Yes- the threat of nuclear weapons became very real- Cuba
90 miles off Florida- both had the capacity "eyeball to
eyeball"#
· No- realised the threat of nuclear weapons, had come to
close. Kennedy and Khrushchev realised they needed to do
something- Test Ban Treaty (1963) and the hotline between
Moscow and Washington DC
1) Deterrence Principle-
basis of operations for the Arms Race, principle that each
country knew the nuclear capacity of each other and knew
the destructive properties so didn't use them, in fear of
retaliation- decreasing world threat level
· Eg this kept US intervening in Poland in fear of retaliation
and nuclear war
1) The Korean War-
Only remained proxy- no direct USSR/US fighting;
aware of deterrence principle; realised this could lead to
NW
MacArthur; fired when suggested and persisted the use
of nuclear weapons, despite having high approval
ratings- Truman's was only 23%.
Thus, decreased threat to world peace overall
2) Berlin Crisis/Vienna Summit
Khrushchev's threat of nuclear weapons towards the
West in Berlin- "rattled his rockets"
Scared US- fuelled missile gap rumours and led to
increase in nuclear weapons on US stockpile- more
weapons, more chance
Vienna Summit- renewed with Kennedy, who reinforced
his commitment and further increased tensions
1) Brinkmanship
Eisenhower/Dulles policy of brinkmanship/massive
retaliation
Closer focus within US military on nuclear
weapons- now 1st choice

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Be prepared to go nuclear weapon- look as they
are ready to fight
Hoped to deter communist aggression (for fear of
threat) and further goals of US diplomacy (by
scaring USSR)
Dulles- "The ability to go to the verge without
getting into a war is a necessary art"
1) 6) Missile Gap
US' belief that they were behind- and thus stockpiled in
quick panic
Fuelled by Gaither Report- described the US as "second
power"
Added to Khrushchev's potenkinism- pretending that the
USSR had lots of…read more

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