Arms Race Revision

revision technique of the Arms Race. Hope it helps.

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The Arms Race Revision Technique
TEST BAN TREATY, 1963 ­ Signed by the USA, Britain and USSR but France and China refused to sign and
could still test weapons underground.
HOTLINE ­ A telephone link between the leaders of the USA and the USSR set up in response to Cuban
Missile Crisis.
ECONOMIES ­ Increase in spending in military sections by both superpowers caused spending in other
sectors to decrease. This was more so in the USSR than the USA.
ATOM BOMB ­ Dropped on Japan by the USA in 1945. It started the USA nuclear monopoly which lasted
until 1949 and sparked the arms race.
REPUTATION ­ The idea that Kennedy approached the Cuban Missile Crisis with such a hard line due to
wanting to restore his reputation after the Bay of Pigs incident, 1961.
MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX ­ Linked to economy ­ this term was given to the powerful bloc
created by links in the armed forces and sectors reliant on defence orders. These sectors held influence
over the leaders and their governments.
SECURITY ­ linked to the Military-Industrial Complex - The USSR's defence sectors held influence over
government due to the high demand of security in the USSR.
RESPONSE, FLEXIBLE ­ This was Kennedy's approach to communism and shown by the continuation of
conventional armaments as an alternative to nuclear weapons.
APPEARANCES ­ Kennedy was seen to have removed a communist threat in his `backyard' whilst
Khrushchev could take credit the removal of the west's nuclear missiles in Turkey.
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS (CMC) ­ The main event of the arms race which highlighted how close each side
came to using nuclear weapons and brinkmanship in action. The soviets tried to place nuclear weapons in
communist Cuba. USA retaliated with a quarantine.
EISENHOWERS `MASSIVE RETALIATION' ­ Due to the destructive power of nuclear weapons it was
doubtful both side would use them and therefore the effectiveness of brinkmanship decreased. Eisenhower
and Dulles kept this concept going with the hard line approach of attacking communism with multiple
amounts of nuclear weapons.


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