NOTES ON STATE OF RUSSIA IN 1855

Notes for AQA AS Unit on Tsarist Russia, adapted from Sally Waller's textbook

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Mike Vale
  • Created on: 15-07-11 06:17
Preview of NOTES ON STATE OF RUSSIA IN 1855

First 194 words of the document:

TOPIC ONE : THE STATE OF RUSSIA IN 1855
COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE WEST AND RUSSIA
19TH Century saw great advances throughout Europe in terms of industry, energy,
communications, public health, literacy, democracy and living standards, Russia remained
way behind in all such developments.
The position of peasants had improved across Europe, but in Russia serfdom, under which
peasants were `owned' by their landlords, still existed.
The major powers of Western Europe were advancing industrially, whereas Russia
remained a rural country with 9% living in the cities compared to 33% in Britain
Death rates and illiteracy were also much higher in Russia than in Western Europe.
Russia was regarded as powerful because of its immense size and large population, rather
than because of its economic power.
THE GEOGRAPHICAL NATURE OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE
The Russian Empire occupied onesixth of the world and had a population of 69 million, of
whom less than half were Russian, with 75% of people living in western Russia on less than
25% of the total land mass.
Much of Russian territory was inhospitable, with 66% north of the 50th parallel.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

THE FAILURE OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE TO REALISE ITS POTENTIAL
Potentially Russia had vast resources of agricultural produce, timber, coal, oil, gold and
other precious metals but most was left untapped and communication between the different
areas of the empire was poor.
THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE
At the top, the Tsar no one else to challenge their power.
Court, Ministers and Civil Servants made up 3.7% of the population
Members of the Russian Orthodox Church made up 1.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

The `Collected Laws of the Russian Empire' compiled by Nicholas I in 1832 stated : `The
Emperor of all the Russias is an autocratic and unlimited monarch God himself ordains that
all must bow to his supreme power, not only out of fear but also out of conscience.'
Tsar titular head of Russian Orthodox Church and seen by believers as God's representative
on earth.
Russian land Tsar's private property and subjects his children, duty to show him devotion
and obedience.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

FINANCE AND THE ECONOMY
Government financed by taxes and dues, most from peasantry. Poll Tax used to meet costs
of army and levied on every person at same rate irrespective of wealth had exemptions for
nobles and clergy. Other indirect taxes, on items such as salt, hit peasants hard. 90% of
government revenue came from peasants, urban workers and tradesmen.
Industry protected duties on foreign imports and was technologically backward with low
levels of productivity. In addition no consumer demand for products.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Slogan found in schoolbooks, newspapers, etc.
Russians taught to accept place in society (no upward mobility)
Taught to see Mother Russia (language, culture, customs) as a safeguard against the
immorality of the West
It is our common obligation to ensure that the education of the people be conducted,
according to Supreme intention of our August Monarch, in the joint spirit of
Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »