Nazi Party - Post Munich Putsch

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Nazi Party ­ Post Munich Putsch
Key question:
In what ways was the Nazi Party revitalised in the period 1925-1929?
Brief summary of Nazi Party History:
In 1919, the Nazi Party were known the German's Workers Party and were viewed as
a small and very localised Bavarian party.
Adolf Hitler joined the party later that same year.
In early 1920, the party was renamed the National Socialist German Worker's Party
(NSDAP).
In 1921, Hitler became the party's undisputed leader.
The party was banned in 1923 following the Munich Putsch and were deemed as
"thuggish".
It was revitalised in February 1925 after Hitler is released from prison however in
Hitler's absence between 19241925 the party falls apart.
The Rejuvenation of the Nazi Party
Hitler decided to rejuvenate the Nazi Party into a political party which come to power
legally in Germany. However, during his years in jail the party was fractured and
essentially falling apart. He needed to regroup the Party into the unified party it had
once been under his strong leadership.
He faced a number of issues:
1. Some Nazis disagreed with his new tactic of coming to power legally as they
disagreed with the nonviolent mantra Hitler adopted as they feared the Nazis
would be seduced by the benefits.
2. Internal quarrelling between regions was weakening the party. There were issues
between Nazis in Bavaria and Nazis in Northern Germany (Norrdeutschland).
Gregor Strasser was effectively the leader of the Nazi Party in Northern Germany
and thus was a threat to Hitler's overall leadership and control. Strasser was more
socialist than Hitler and also argued against antiSemitism within the Nazi Party.
th
14 February 1926: Bamberg Conference. Hitler called a special Party Conference in
Bamberg in attempt to unite the Party. The Bamberg Conference 1926 was held
during the "wilderness years" (19241929) of the Nazi party. Hitler's decision to call
the meeting was something of a gamble. His aim was to restore some resemblance
of party unity and agree a future programme.
Strasser's challenge to Hitler as leader of the Party was crushed and Hitler once
again established himself as absolute leader of the Nazi Party.
Gustav Strasser
Gauleiter of Lower Bavaria (19241929).
Played a leading role in giving the Nazi Party a nationwide structure.
He was excellent at propaganda and organisation and has been merited with building
up the Nazi party onto a mass movement. 1928: 108,000 members.

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Führerprinzip
The Nazi Party structure was based on the Führerprinzip, or
leadership principle. Hitler was the Führer, the ultimate
authoritarian party leader.
The ideology of the Führerprinzip sees each organisation as a
hierarchy of leaders, where every leader has absolute
responsibility in his own area.
There was an absolute demand of obedience from those below him
and answers only to his superiors. The supreme leader, Hitler,
answered to no one.…read more

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The circles were divided into Ortsgruppen, or local groups.
And in the big cities, the local groups were divided along
streets and blocks.…read more

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Gauleiter
There were 35 Gaus which were to mirror the 35 electoral districts of the
Weimar Government.
This assured the presence of a Nazi candidate in every part of Germany
thus highlighting the potential for them to be elected.
Each Gau(e) was under the leadership of a Gauleiter (for example Gustav
Strasser was Gauleiter for Lower Bavaria 1925-1929). The Gauleiter was
responsible for ensuring that the ideas and work of the Nazi Party was
publicised in that area.…read more

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