Nazi consolidation of power in 1933 was primarily due to the use of terror and violence

Not only just terror and violence other factors that made Hitler Chancellor

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`Nazi consolidation of power in 1933 was primarily due to the use of terror and violence'. How
far do you agree with this judgement?
Samantha Bennett
The Nazis rise to power in 1933 was enabled by their leader, Hitler becoming Chancellor in
January 1933. This rise to power was viable due to numerous factors Hitler's own tactical
manoeuvring of the Reichstag, Germanys growing economic downfall, Germany changed
political landscape and in agreeance with the title, terror and violence caused by the SA.
The origins of the Nazi party started in 1919, and aimed to support German's working
classes to gain equality with the rest of Germany. Its members mainly came from military
decent all against the Treaty of Versailles and they all believed that the German people
needed more living space, needed to create a national pure community and primarily anti
Semitic believers. Together they founded a force that would later cause national disaster
however early on in 1923 they arranged the Munich Putsch. This was an attempt to gain
power over Bavaria, with a significant failure. Hitler as a result was arrested and for his time
in prison the Nazi party's developments ceased here Hitler formed his enduring political
testament that would source his beliefs for his future career. This start for the Nazi party was
always headed off and suppressed by the powers within the Reichstag so could be seen as
an early failure for Hitler, however it did bring the party to the public eye and as a result in the
1924 election the Nazi party gained 6.5% of elections to the Reichstag.
The Nazis consolidation was further developed by the party's ability to reorganise its structure
to attract a wide range of citizens, along with making alliances with other parties to gain seats
in the Reichstag. Hitler administered and organised reforms such as the Hitler Youth and
Nazi Students Association resulting in the Nazis being able to reach and attract a higher
proportion of the vote later in 1928 many farmers registered their support. Further more
reorganisation of the Nazi party includes the formation of the Nazi professional body, which
enabled skilled workers such as doctors to help spread propaganda at elections. These
skilled personnel were deeply trusted and respected in society, so helped to bring the Nazis
to power in 1933. This proved to be a minor success of the party in becoming power they
were able to change their structure within the party to make alliances and attract a larger
electorate but statistics from the 1928 election show their support fell by 4% 12 seats in the
Reichstag. In addition to structure, the party had an ability to attract a wide range of
electorate. IN 1932 the Nazi percentage of the vote increased to 37.3%. It was attractive as
an ally due to its mass movement and broad base support mainly made of the middle class
voting in protest against the failures of the Weimar Republic and the political system itself.
The Nazi party had unique system. However, the Nazi party failed to reach everyone
industrial workers who supported the DNVP, along with urban areas who made up 54.3% of
the vote.
Economically, Germany and the world were in difficult times. IN 1929 the world was in a
depression after the Wall Street Crash in the US. This lead to mass unemployment across
Germany, as the loans Germany had taken from the US had all been recalled resulting in
economic and subsequently political turmoil. Unemployment on such a large scale enabled
the Nazi's to manipulate the situation and produce propaganda that promised the Germans
work. This would have been attractive to many over half of Germany was starving and living

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The depression did polarise opinion and increase the popularity of
any party that offered a radical change to the suffering already happening. KPD support rose,
while the SPD union were weakened. Germans as a result of being promised food and a
secure jobs broke with their voting habits and voted for a more political movement that
seemed extremist and violent. The depression and economic crisis themselves however did
not bring the Nazis to power.…read more


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