The growth and consolidation of dictatorship in the first six months of 1933


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The growth and consolidation of dictatorship in the first six
months of 1933
Problems facing Hitler in 1933.
International situation,
Threat of Hindenburg,
High unemployment,
Preventing a revolution from 'below',
Financial problems,
Improving the image of the Nazis,
Issues of law and order,
Factional fighting,
Disunited people.
Limitations to power.
Cross party cabinet only included three Nazis including Hitler himself,
Hindenburg was the most powerful man in Germany,
Behind Hindenburg he had the Army,
The civil service, churches and press were all a barrier to Nazification of the political system,
The left had power through trade unions,
The Nazis had risen due to discontent with the old government mainly over the economy so
they had to be at least seen as to be doing something about it,
The elements of thuggery and violence were a concern to the important middle classes,
Even from within the Nazi party Hitler face pressure from the SA and radicals to implement a
Nazi revolution.
Enduring obstacles.
Despite these obstacles the Nazi party had consolidated a considerable amount of power by the end
of 1933 due to:
High levels of collaboration within government of individuals and institutions,
The Nazi party's highly effective propaganda,
The managed use of terror and violence,
Also the consolidation of power had the veneer of legality.
Failure of the left.
The failure of the communists and socialists movements challenged Hitler's chancellorship,
This was due to their misreading of the situation,
The communists thought that Hitler's government would not last,
They believed that Hitler was appointed due to a crisis in the capitalist system and that this
would lead to political and economic collapse and victory for the communists,
This made them believe that the right thing to do was nothing,
They did this despite it being clear that they were being provoked,
There was a wave of violence against the communists started by the Nazi Party,
Police raided the KPDs head office and claimed that they found evidence that they were
planning to seize power through violence,
The SPD were unsure what to do for the best against the Nazis,
The Reichstag Fire and its aftermath.
27 February a young Dutch man Van Der Lubbe set fire to the Reichstag in protest to the
repression of the working class,
The Nazis ignored the evidence saying that he worked alone and concluded that it was a
communist backlash,

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This gave the regime a reason to crush communism and suspended several parts of the
It gave the Nazis the opportunity to use legal means of gaining power,
They issued the decree for the Protection of People and State on 28 February,
The right of freedom of speech, press and assembly were suspended,
The police were give powers to detain suspects without reference to the court,
Allowed the cabinet to intervene in the government states that formed Germany ,
Propaganda was created that was…read more

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Centralisation of the state complete by January 1934.…read more


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