Milgram 1963

This is a breif study on milgram and the behavioural study of obedience

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Aim
The aim of the experiment was to investigate what level of
obedience would be shown when participants were told by an
authority figure to administer electric shocks to another person.
Sample
40 males (aged 20-50)
Lived in new Haven area
Paid regardless of what happened ($4.00)
Range in educational level
Newspaper advertisement
o Not a wide sample (unrepresentative)
o Easy to get
Research method
No specific IV controlled observation
Obedience was measured in terms of voltage give to the
victim
Sessions were filmed
Advantages
o Highly controlled environment commands clearly
observed
o Volunteered given consent
o Experimental realism believed in situation/ tension
shown
Disadvantages
o PPTs deceived unethical
o "Prods" given by experimenter making pots not able
to feel they could withdraw from the experiment
o Stress issues ethical principle of protecting pots
Procedure
1. PPTs introduced to another pots and
experimenter (both were actors)
2. Drew straws to pick the "learner" and
"teacher"
a. Real pots always got teacher
b. Rigged
3. Strapped "learner" to chair (never really
shocked)
a. Done by teacher and experimenter
b. Show teacher how real experiment
was

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Experimenter gave the teacher shock to see what he was
doing to the learner
5. Experimenter tells teacher rules to follow
a. Learner gets shocked if wrong answer
b. Learner gets shocked if no given answer
6. Experimenter used prods to keep teacher continuing (in
same room)
7.…read more

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Right to withdraw still got paid what ever happened
Reliability
o Unrepresentative sample
o No demand characteristics didn't know true nature of
the study
Quantitative VS Qualitative
o Only included certain data
o Both collected increase the validity of the study
Ecological validity
o Carried out in artificial settings Yale university
o Little relevance to real world
o Less artificial studies showed same finding…read more

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