• Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 28-05-13 15:19
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  • Obedience
    • Milgram 1963
      • How much pain someone would inflict on another person when under the instruction of an authoritative figure
      • Refer to separate sheet for details
    • Explaining obedience
      • Gradual commitment
        • We ask someone to do a small thing first then increase it
        • Shown in Milgram's experiment - increasing voltage
        • PP's commit to a certain course of action thus difficult to change your mind
      • Agentic shift
        • Agentic state: when a person sees themselves as an agent for carrying out someone elses wish
        • Autonomous stat: when a person sees themselves acting on his own
          • Milgram claimed that when a person enters a hierarchy they shift from autonomous to agentic
      • The role of buffers
        • When the teacher cannot see the harm
          • In Milgrams experiment the teacher and learner were in different rooms. When in the same room obedience dropped
      • Justifying obedience
        • People are willing to surrender their freedom of action in the belief that they are serving a justifiable cause
          • Milgrams: participants were told they were doing so as science wanted to help improve memory
    • Evaluation
      • Milgram believed that the agentic shift was at work throughout his experiment
        • Holocaust carried out over a period of many years whereas experiment was half an hour therefore comparison not appropriate
      • Gradual commitment supports Milgram
        • Found in the real world: key element of abuse at Abu Ghraib prison
      • Consequences of an obedience alibi
        • Milgram claims that we were just following orders, Mandel suggests that obedience alibi has -ve effects
        • It exonerates war criminals of their crimes and is distressing for those affected by holocaust


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