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Ecosystem Case Studies

Case Study Epping Forest
Location

Essex
Runs north-east of London on a high gravel ridge
Covers area of 2,500 ha 19km long 4km wide

Main uses

Timber
Hunting
Recreation

How managed sustainably

Pollarding trees (cutting off trees at about shoulder height to encourage new growth
­ ensures…

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Made up of peninsular Malaysia and eastern Malaysia which is part of the island of
Borneo
North of equator-very close to it
Western and northern hemisphere

Threats to rainforest ­ deforestation

Logging

1980s clear felling- take everything
Selective logging take selected full grown trees
Reduces biodiversity, habitats , indigenous tribes-…

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Quality of life for some improves as more jobs, livelihood of some destroyed, native
tribes forced to move out, conflict between native people, landowners, mining and
logging companies over use of land
Logging, faming, mining create jobs, lot of money made from selling timber, mining
and commercial farming
Pressure from…

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Countries are given money to protect their trees
Education
Inform people of the effects of deforestation
Educate them in new ways to make money

Sonoran Desert, Arizona, USA, MEDC
One of north Americas largest and hottest deserts
Over 300mm of rain in some places one of the wettest
South-west USA,…

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Also provides drinking water

Mining and industry

Rajasthan rich in minerals
Desert region has valuable reserves of gypsum(plaster for construction),
feldspar(ceramics), phospherite(fertilisers), kaolin(whitener in paper)
Valuable resources of stone
Jaisalmer the Sanu limestone main source of limestone for India's steel industry

Tourism

Has become popular tourist destination
Desert safaris on…

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Sand dunes in Thar desert are very mobile
In some areas they form threat to farmland and waterways
Planting blocks of trees and establishing shelterbelts of trees and fences
alongside roads and canals

Thar Desert national park

Created to protect 300km2 of arid land and endangered and rare wildlife that…

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