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Slide 1

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Language and
Revision pack...…read more

Slide 2

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Radio language is different
from TV language...
1. TV language has the support of pictures,
gestures and facial expressions, and
sometimes text
2. On the radio there aren't any visual clues,
so listeners have to rely on what speakers
say and how they say it
3. This affects the type of language used in
each medium. For example:…read more

Slide 3

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Radio commentary on a
football match...
Here's Burton making space along the left and side (1) Peters
in support to his right (1) cross hit hard and low (.) Oliver picks
it up on the far right side by the corner flag (.) cuts inside (.)
passes to Hilton.
Linguistic features:
·Lots of information
·Mainly full sentences
·Lots of adjectives (e.g. hard, low)
·Short pauses…read more

Slide 4

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TV commentary of a
football match...
Here's Burton (3) Burton's cross (2) Oliver (3)
Linguistic features:
·Minimal information
·Incomplete sentences
·Long pauses…read more

Slide 5

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Telephone language is
1. Telephone language shares many features with face-face dialogue. This
includes non-fluency features like fillers and false starts and non-verbal
aspects of speech like intonation and stress.
2. The opening sequence is very formulaic, and generally involves the same
adjacency pairs ­ the person answering says hello, and the person phoning
say who they are or who they wish to speak to. Differences in this
sequence usually depend on the age of the speaker ­ older people are more
likely to answer with something like Molesy. While younger people tend to
be less formal at work than at home.
3. Mobile phones are an exception to this. You can usually see who's calling
before you answer, and the person phoning can be more certain of who's
going to pick up, so the opening sequence is more flexible and casual.
4. The lack of non-verbal communication means that telephone language
includes quite strict turn taking, because there are no visual clues to
indicate when a speaker has finished. There are also few pauses.…read more

Slide 6

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Mobile phones have a big
impact on language...
Probably the biggest influence that mobile phones have had an
affect on is text speak.
· Text messaging is creative ­ it's not standardised, so everyone
uses it slightly differently. It's a mixed mode of
communication, because it's a written language that contains
many features of spoken language.
· These distinctive features have come about because of a need
to communicate quickly. Typing complete words into a mobile
phone keypad is time-consuming, so text speak has evolved as a
form of shorthand.…read more

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