Political parties in the UK

  • Created by: meliasyd
  • Created on: 19-05-19 09:09
View mindmap
  • Political Parties in the UK
    • Plaid Cymru
      • Welsh National Party
      • Decentralisation of power
      • 'Community socialism'- welfare funding
      • Welsh independence = future view
    • Liberal Democrats
      • Liberalism = personal freedom, toleration and limited government
      • Under Nick Clegg
        • Constitutional reform - electoral reform
        • Protection of civil liberties
      • 2017 election manifesto
        • 1p in pound tax raise
        • Ban sale of diesel cars by 2025
        • Invest £7bn in education
        • Second EU referendum
    • Conservative
      • One Nation Tory
        • Associated with David Cameron - centrist policies
        • Preservation of traditional principles - liberal social policy
          • Benefiting 'the common man'
        • David Cameron's Marriage (same sex couples) Act 2013
        • Slow, gradual change
        • eg. current conservative policy - increased NHS and education spending
      • Thatcherism
        • Roll back frontiers of the state
        • Privatisation - small government
        • Free market
        • Opposition to trade unions
        • Property ownership eg. Right to Buy Housing Act 1980
        • Deregulation - no state intervention
      • 2017 election manifesto
        • Increased NHS and education spending
        • Cutting net migration
        • Scrap free lunches (policy from Thatcher era)
        • Increase tax personal allowance
    • Labour
      • New Labour
        • 1997 election - Tony Blair Centrist
        • Reduced power of the trade unions
        • 'Third Way' - between conventional socialism and capitalism
        • Public-private partnerships
        • Targeted welfare
      • Old Labour
        • Clause 4 socialism - nationalisation, regulation and welfare state
        • Universal welfare
        • High tax for high earners
      • 2017 election manifesto
        • Under Jeremy Corbyn = Old Labour / traditional left wing principles
        • Scrap tuition fees
        • 50p tax rate for high earners
        • Free childcare
        • Higher minimum wage
        • End Zero hours contracts
    • Green Party
      • Environmentalist policies (socialism)
      • 2017 manifesto = scrap tuition fees, introduce 'wealth tax' top 1% earners, An Environmental Protection Act
    • UKIP
      • Party of Brexit
      • Key issues = reducing immigration, reduce foreign aid spending, increased NHS spending
      • Single Issue party
      • 2017 manifesto = reduce net migration to 0 within 5 years
    • Role of Political parties
      • Policy formation
        • However, parties nowadays are more interested in holding power than keeping to an ideology
      • Representation
        • Responding to public opinion in order to win votes
      • Recruitment of leaders
      • Organisation of government
        • Aim to gain majorities in parliaments to deliver legislation
      • Encouragement of participation and mobilisation of members
    • Party Members
      • Liberal Democrats
        • Party conferences - members play large role in policy formation
        • Nominate and vote for party leaders
        • Growing tendency for policy formation to come from committees - strengthening of parliamentary leaders and weakening of grass roots
        • 99,000 current members
      • Labour
        • Assigned to local branch - candidate selection for local candidates
        • Instrumental in  the organisation of the Labour Party at constituency level
        • Direct influence over election of party leaders
        • Declining in importance since reduction of party conference as policy formation
        • 512,000 current members
      • Conservatives
        • Vote for 2 remaining candidates in  leadership contest
        • Form the grass roots conservative activists
        • However, they have little decision over policy formation
        • 125,000 current members

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all UK political parties resources »