Political Parties- key topic 3

  • Created by: 11rsims
  • Created on: 31-05-17 20:53
What is the green party?
its origins can be find in the pressure group called "people" formed in 1973, it was seen as a single-issue pressure group but has developed a broader range of policies in recent years, it makes candidates from parties worry over the environment
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What are the roles of a party?
Represntation (represent views of members), participation (allows individuals to participate at all levels), political recruitment, policy formation and providing stable government
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Is Britain a two-party system?
YES= L and C are only 2 parties that really win, or senior party in coalition, in 2010 L and C got 65% of pop vote, Lib-Dems are third NO= dominant party system, 2010 34.9% voters backed other parties, Lib-dems often come 2nd in some constituancys
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What is a dominant party system and a multi-party system?
Dominant= many parties exist but only 1 holds power, 1979-2005 there was C dominance, Multi= many parties compete for power and coalitions are often formed
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What are the origins of the Conservative party and what were the "One Nation Tories?"
C emerged from Tory party in the 1830's, 20th century= truly conservative ideology= pluralism, gradual improvements, mixed economy, state intervention, "evoloution not revoloution", EU intergration, support for a universal welfare state
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what is Thatcherism and the "New Tories"?
Thatcher=supported:free market economics, deregulation, privatisation and nationalised industries, less union power, less state intervention and radical change, New Tories=Cameron, moved away from issues that divided the party, no bad image
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What are the origins of the Labour Party?
started in the 20th century to represent the working class, they stated to get votes after the 1918 ROTPA, 1918 Clause VI wanted redistribution of wealth and commitments to public ownerships, 1983= Micheal Foot the "longest suicide note in history"
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What is "New Labour"?
wanted to broaden its appeal, under Blair Clause VI was removed from the constitution in 1995
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What is the origins of the Lib-Dems?
formed in 1988 as a merge between the liberals and the SDP, SDP was fomed from Labour politicians in 1981, in 1983 they got 26% of the vote but merged with the liberals in 1988
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what is Classial Liberalism and new liberalism?
classical=minimal state intervention, freedom, tolerence, equality, self help and self improvement New= self help was not enough, the state needed to provide more, emphasis on reform, individual rights and mixed economy
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What are the Lib-Dems like in Government?
they are under represented in terms of popular vote+they do wel in By elections. 1992= 17.8% of popular votes and 20 MP's 2010=23% of votes and 57 MP's, they were in the 2010 coalition, but formed coalition Gov in scotland and wales
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How are parties organised?
those who join labour join at local branches, they also have a National Executive Committee which enforces discipline, conservatives also have constituancy assosiations and local branches, the UK had 72 MEP's in 2011 and it is organised specifically
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How are policies formed in parties?
C=party leader gets the main role of choosing decisions in the party, Conservative Political Forum advises them. L=2 year policy making cycle, National policy forum and National Executive committee works on policys to be shown at conference
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How are parliamentry candidates chosen?
there are shortlists where parties seperate the genuine contenders from the non-hopers, hopefuls appear on an approved list of prospective candidates, local party draws up a shortlist of approved candidates,preffered candidate is voted for
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How are candidates deselected?
Labour had an all female shortlist, national parties have the power to deselect candidates where they see fit, Neil Kinnock deselected MP's in 1986 for being in the banned Militant Tendency
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How do parties choose their leaders?
C= Mp's are balloted with bottom candidates being eliminated, regular members can make a choice between last 2, this can be manipulated, L=1/3 held by party, 1/3 by organisations, 1/3 members of constituency LD= system of STV, must have 200 members
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Where does party funding come from?
They use to come from membership subscriptions (unions wealthy buisnessmen), decline of party membership had a big impact, large donations makes it seem like people can "buy influence"
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What was the political parties,elections and referendum act?
(2000)= party campaigns in election could only cost £30,000 per constituency, parties had to publicly declare donations over £5000, however donations to UK political parties in 2010 was £59.2 million
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Should political parties be state funded?
YES=parties are not funded by taxpayers but interest groups, allow politicians to focus on representing constituants, smaller parties have a better chance NO= why should taxpayers pay for parties they dont support? parties may have unequal resource
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How successful is the Green party?
won 2 seats in 2004 and 2009 EU election, 2005=3.4% of the vote and 0 seats, 2010= they got there first seat with the party leaser Caroline Lucas in Brighton Pavilon with 31.3% of the vote
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How successful is the BNP?
0.7% of the vote in 2005 general election, largest share was in Barking with 16.9% of the vote, 2009 EU election= they won 2 of the 72 UK seats available. 2010=1.9% of popular vote and 0 seats
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How successful is UKIP?
2009 EU election=16.5% of the vote and 13 seats, 2005= candidates in 495 constituancies and 2.2% of the cote, 2010= 572 candidates and 3.1% of the popular vote
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What is the Scottish National Party?
formed in 1934, and wanted an independent Scotland, Excluded from Government by 1999 coalition, 2007 scottish election= 47 of the 129 seats available it was forced in to a minority governement with Alex Salmond, 2011= 69 of the 129 seats available
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What is the Plaid Cymru party?
formed in 1929 with the aim of an independent wales, in the 1979 referendum only 20% voted yes on a 58% turnout, In 2007 they entered a coalition with the Welsh Labour party, 2011=18.6% of the vote in wales, 11/60 seats
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How do regional parties interact at westminister
devolved parliaments and assemblies have been established, nationalist parties are still elected to present parties in the Westminister Parliament, West Lothian Question shows that MP's representing Scotland still have to sit and vote on policies
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How are Liberal democrats policies formed?
The Biannual federal conference is the supreme policy making body in the party, they have the most democratic way of choosing policy but some of the policies (cannabis possesion and asylum seekers) has been picked off by activists from other parties
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What are the roles of a party?


Represntation (represent views of members), participation (allows individuals to participate at all levels), political recruitment, policy formation and providing stable government

Card 3


Is Britain a two-party system?


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Card 4


What is a dominant party system and a multi-party system?


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Card 5


What are the origins of the Conservative party and what were the "One Nation Tories?"


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