King's Focus in the North and the Moynihan Report

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Why does King's focus move to the North?
By 1965 many Americans believed that The Civil Rights Act (1964) outlawed segregation in
Southern states. Segregation had been outlawed & voting rights guaranteed.
However, King knew racial equality meant more than just legal or `de jure' change. Inspired
by the Moynihan Report (1965) which highlighted the extent of social and economic
discrimination against black Americans, King decided to make this form of discrimination the
focus of his next campaign in the North. These campaigns were to be the most difficult of
his career.
The Moynihan Report (1965)
A study of the economic position of AA's by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. The report drew
attention to the high levels of crime within the black community and the poor living
conditions of many black families. It also noted that Ghettoissation in the North was leading
to de facto segregation of education and housing.
President Johnson, who had commissioned the report, hoped to use it to promote
economic equality. However, this idea backfired.
Black leaders were horrified because the report blamed black people for their economic
problems and suggested they were incapable of helping themselves.
The report was significant because:
It created further tension between well-meaning liberal politicians such as President
Johnson and black radicals.
It was used by some whites to argue against government help for black people.


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