Key Terms for Child Psychology

Key Terms and Definitions for Edexcel Child Psychology.

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Key Terms
TERM DEFINITION
A strong emotional bond between a caregiver and
Attachment a child.
Deprivation The loss of an attachment with a caregiver.
Privation Absence of an attachment with a caregiver.
The inheritance of certain characteristics and
Evolution preprogrammed behaviour that aids survival.
A time during the development of an animal or child
Critical Period when an event or process must happen for normal
development to take place.
An inborn tendency to behave in a certain way
Innate caused by DNA genes or gene groupings.
Nonparental care usually provided by nurseries or
Daycare child minders.
When distress is shown because the attachment
Separation Anxiety figure is not there.
Stranger Anxiety Anxiety in the presence of strangers.
The way the child reacts when reunited with its
Reunion Behaviour caregiver.
Regularly returning to an attachment figure when
Secure Base Behaviour exploring. Also known as Safe Haven.
Proximity Seeking Staying close to an attachment figure.
Ability of the adult carer to pick up and respond to
Sensitive Responsiveness the nonverbal signals of the baby.
The tendency to direct infant attachment behaviours
Monotrophy towards a single main attachment figure.
Innate behaviours designed to gain attention from
Social Releases adults.

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A mental representation of the first relationship.
Internal Working Model This acts as a prototype for future relationships.
The synching of adult and baby actions so that they
Interactional Synchrony take turns and imitate each other's movements.
The idea that if the motherchild bond is broken
Maternal Deprivation early in life, social, emotional and intellectual
development could be affected.
Imprinting How a newborn follows the first object it sees.
Ethology Studying animals in their natural environment.…read more

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