Child psychology key issue: The effects of day care

A powerpoint presentation discussing the positive and negative effects of daycare found in research (Belsky and Rovine (1988) and Sylva (2004)), also includes the factors that affect daycare. 

Evaluation of the EPPE project and Belsky and Rovine's findings.

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When a child is looked after by a child-
minder or day care provider throughout the
day, usually while parents are at work.…read more

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There are particular areas of development that
researchers have focused on in terms of the effects
of day care:
Social development ­ the child's ability to
interact with others, form healthy attachments
and relationships with peers and family.
Emotional development ­ the ability of a child to
cope with situations in a positive way, how
confident and independent they are.
Cognitive development ­ the intellectual ability
and growth of a child.…read more

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(SYLVA ET AL 2004)
Sylva conducted a longitudinal study from 1997-
2004 into the effectiveness of pre-school care for
over 3000 children in the UK.
The EPPE project studied children between the
ages of 3 and 7.
Developmental profiles were created for each
year, using SAT's results and reports from pre-
school staff, parents and school teachers.
The pre-school provision ranged from homecare
to day nurseries, playgroups and pre-school
Also measured parental occupation and
qualifications, social background and birth
weight as factors that could potentially affect
development.…read more

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(SYLVA ET AL 2004)
It was found that assessments made during the
pre-school experience showed that children
benefitted from pre-school education socially
and intellectually particularly if they started
before the age of 3.
High quality provision, with highly qualified
staff, led to better social and intellectual
The positive effects of day care were still
evident at the end of Key Stage 1 with higher
scores in mathematics and literacy.
The longitudinal study concluded that quality
provision produced short term advantages in
social development and long term advantages in
cognitive development.…read more

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The study measured other factors which could have
affected development to ensure that the effects of
day care were being measured and were not an
uncontrolled variable.
A range of measurements were used, including
interviews with parents, pre-school and school
reports and SAT's scores to measure the social and
cognitive development of children. This information
was triangulated to provide a detailed and valid
profile of all the children at each stage in the study.
It was a longitudinal study making it possible to
report on the long term effects of day care on
development. The same children were followed
during the study and their initial assessment could be
directly compared with later assessments.…read more

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