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Unit 3:-

Sociology key terms:

Animism: Belief in ghosts or spirits

Enlightenment: period associated with the 18th century when reason became to be
seen as a guiding principle

Functional definition of religion: definitions that focus on the role religion plays on
society and individuals

Ideology: set of ideas that legitimate…

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Landed class: wealthy, land owning aristocracy

Nationalism: patriotic feeling toward nation, belief that it is better than others

Profane: ordinary, unreligious aspects of life

Rites of passage: a ceremony or events that mark an important change in a person's

Rites: customary religious practises e.g. baptism

Totemism: a primitive religion…

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Crystals: belief in the healing power of semiprecious stones

Cult apologists: non-cult members who are religiously tolerate and challenge the
misinterpretation of cult practise common in wider society

Cultic or holistic milieu: a range of activities involving the mind, body and spirit, such
as yoga, tai chi and self discovery.…

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Cultural hybridity: to mix and match different cultural influences

Rastafarianism: they worship Halie Selassie, former emperor of Ethiopia, considering
him to be the Messiah. They believe that black people are reincarnations of the
Israelites and have been persecuted by the whites as punishment for their sins.

Religious dogma: rules and…


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