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Kant was a deontological thinker born in 1724
Kant places the responsibility for making moral decisions with the individual and not
with an external authority.


For Kant we have to be free to do our duty
If people are not free to do their duty then the possibility of…

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It is not possible to achieve this in one lifetime so Kant deduced that we must have
immortal souls and that God must therefore exist
Kant believed in an afterlife and that God must exist to provide an opportunity to
reach this supreme good where human virtue and happiness are…

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Moral behaviour must be in the direction towards an ideal society "the kingdom of ends"
not against it.

W.D Ross

Modern day philosopher
Due to some weaknesses from Kant's ethical theory W.D Ross came up with certain
He argued that some exceptions should be allowed to Kant's duties.

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