Judaism Tisha Ba'Av religous studies OCR as level Notes

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Tisha B'av
Quotes:
Five misfortunes befell our fathers ... on the ninth of Av. ...On the ninth of Av it
was decreed that our fathers should not enter the [Promised] Land, the Temple
was destroyed the first and second time, Bethar was captured and the city
[Jerusalem] was ploughed up. Mishnah Ta'anit 4:6
In the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month ...came Nebuzaradan ... and he
burnt the house of the L-RD-II Kings 25:8-9
In the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month... came Nebuzaradan ... and he
burnt the house of the L-RD Jeremiah 52:12-13
On the seventh the heathens entered the Temple and ate therein and desecrated
it throughout the seventh and eighth and towards dusk of the ninth they set fire
to it and it continued to burn the whole of that day. ... How will the Rabbis then
[explain the choice of the 9th as the date]? The beginning of any misfortune [when
the fire was set] is of greater moment.Talmud Ta'anit 29a
Date:
Fast 9th Av ­ Talmud Ta'anit 29a
Beginning with the fast of Tammuz, ends Tisha B'Av three week period of increasing
mourning, which commemorates the first breach in the walls of Jerusalem, before the
First Temple was destroyed.
During this three week period, weddings and other parties are not permitted, and
people refrain from cutting their hair. From the first to the ninth of Av, it is
customary to refrain from eating meat or drinking wine and from wearing new
clothing.
Five calamities- mentioned Mishnah Ta'anit 4:6:
1. Twelve spies sent the land of Canaan to observe land returned from mission.
Only two of the spies,Joshua and Caleb, brought a positive report, while the others
spoke badly about the land caused Israel to panic and dispute of ever entering the
"Promised Land"- they were punished by God that their generation would not enter
the land. Lack of faith, decreed that on this date all future generations would
suffer and have misfortunes occur. (Numbers Ch. 13­14)
2. The 1st Temple built built by Solomon was destroyed by
Babylonians-Nebucadnezzar
in 586 BCE the Judaeans were sent into the Babylonian Exile.
3. The 2nd Temple built - Ezra and Nechemiah destroyed by Romans 70 CE
scattered
people Judea ­ Jewish Exile. Talmud Ta'anit - destruction began 9th Av and the
Temple continued to burn till 10th Av.
4. Romans crushed Bar Kokhba's revolt and destroyed the city Betar, killing over
100,000 Jews 132 CE
5. After Bar Kochva revolt, Roman commander Turnus Rufus plowed the site of the
Temple and the surrounding area, 133 CE
Other Calamities:
The 1st crusade 1096, killed10,000 Jews in its first month and destroyed Jewish
communities in France and the Rhineland.
Jews expelled from England 1290
Jews expelled from Spain 1492

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On the eve of Tisha B'Av 5702 (July 23, 1942), the mass deportation began of
Jews
from theWarsaw Ghetto to Trablinka - religious communities use Tisha B'Av to
mourn the 6,000,000 Jews who perished in the Holacaust
Israel evicted 8,000 Israelis from Gaza
Laws and customs
Main Prohibitions:
1. No eating or drinking
2. No washing or bathing
3. No application of creams or oils
4. No wearing of leather shoes
5.…read more

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